Lubbock is the largest city on the Texas South Plains; in 2016, the census estimated the population at 252,506. Founded in 1876, Lubbock is also called "Hub City" for its regional prominence. The city is named for the former Texas Ranger Thomas Saltus Lubbock (1817-1862), who died of typhoid fever in the American Civil War while fighting for the Confederacy. He was the brother of Governor Francis Richard Lubbock (1815-1905).
Lubbock is 315 miles west of Fort Worth. and approximately equidistant, c. 120 miles, from Amarillo to the north via Interstate 27 and Midland on the south via U.S. Highway 87. Cotton is grown throughout the . Lubbock is home to Texas Tech University, founded in 1923, and Lubbock Christian College, a Church of Christ-affiliated institution. There are also branch campuses of South Plains College, a community college, and Wayland Baptist University in Plainview, Texas. The Texas Tech Museum encompasses the Lubbock Lake Landmark, an archeological exhibit, and the National Ranching Heritage Center, which has nearly fifty restored ranch buildings in an outdoor setting. From 1941 to 1996, the former Reese Air Force Base was located in Lubbock. The famous musician, Buddy Holly, killed in a plane crash in 1959, was from Lubbock, as is Scott Pelley, the CBS news anchorman.
On May 11, 1970, Lubbock sustained a deadly tornado in which twenty-six persons were killed, and property damage was estimated at $125 million. The Lubbock Metro Tower is believed to have been the tallest building, at 274 feet, ever to survive a direct hit from an F5 tornado. Then Mayor Jim Granberry and the Lubbock City Council, which included Granberry's successor as mayor, Morris W. Turner, directed the rebuilding of the downtown Lubbock in the aftermath of the storm.
The city has been politically conservative (it was rated the #2 most conservative city in America and the most conservative in Texas, notwithstanding the presence of a large public university) and has been represented in the U.S. House by three consecutive Republican members since 1985. It is the home of a large number of Christian churches of different denominations.
- Tom Abraham, businessman
- J. T. Alley, former police chief in Lubbock
- Don Allison, musician
- John Henry Ballard, Southern Baptist clergyman
- Stan Blevins, Southern Baptist clergyman
- J. R. Church, Independent Baptist clergyman
- Larry Corbin, radio pioneer
- Lane Crockett, journalist
- Aaron Denson, Independent Baptist pastor
- Robert Duncan, former member of both houses of the Texas legislator and chancellor of the Texas Tech University System (2014-2018)
- Rip Griffin, businessman and philanthropist
- Buddy Holly, singer
- Charles Maple, journalist
- John David Nelson, politician and civic figure
- Kevin O'Brien, Independent Baptist clergyman
- Joe B. Phillips, anti-abortion activist
- Harold Philmon Reeves, Southern Baptist clergyman
- Ross Spencer, Independent Baptist clergyman
- Oliver Clark Thomas, World War II prisoner of war
- Don Walker, historian
- Lubbock (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau. Geographic Identifiers. United States Census Bureau (2015). Retrieved on September 28, 2017.