Lumpenproletariat

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The term lumpenproletariat was introduced in The German Ideology by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels describing the lowest level of the proletariat, including vagrants, welfare recipients, and criminals. According to Marx the lumpenproletariat would have little motive for taking part in revolution and would in fact wish to maintain their class structure as they often depended on the higher classes. Marx thought of the lumpenproletariat as a counterrevolutionary strength.