Difference between revisions of "Meditation"

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'''Meditation''' is a technique for producing an altered state of [[consciousness]]. It usually involves sitting still for a period during which consciousness might be relaxed and focused by means of a word repeated silently in the [[mind]], or by the visualization of an image of some sort. The ''Vipassana'', or [[insight]], meditation practiced by [[Buddhism|Buddhists]] initially stresses observation of what takes place in the mind and body ([[breathing]] and sensations) during meditation.
 
'''Meditation''' is a technique for producing an altered state of [[consciousness]]. It usually involves sitting still for a period during which consciousness might be relaxed and focused by means of a word repeated silently in the [[mind]], or by the visualization of an image of some sort. The ''Vipassana'', or [[insight]], meditation practiced by [[Buddhism|Buddhists]] initially stresses observation of what takes place in the mind and body ([[breathing]] and sensations) during meditation.
  
==Christian Meditation - Contemplation==
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==Christian meditation - Contemplation==
Meditation in the [[Bible]] goes back to the book of [[Genesis]] and appears periodically throughout.  Focus is not on a word, but on a thought or concept.  An example of a verse on meditation is found in [[Psalms]] 1:2
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Meditation in the [[Bible]] goes back to the book of [[Genesis]] and appears periodically throughout.  Focus is not on a word, but on a [[thought]] or [[concept]].  An example of a verse on meditation is found in [[Psalms]] 1:2
  
 
<blockquote>But his delight is in the law of the Lord,
 
<blockquote>But his delight is in the law of the Lord,
 
and on his law he meditates day and night ([[NIV]] version).</blockquote>
 
and on his law he meditates day and night ([[NIV]] version).</blockquote>
  
[[Christian]] meditation is a form of silent, contemplative [[prayer]] that uses a [[prayer]]-word, which is rooted in the [[gospel]] and the letters of [[St. Paul]], and originated with the early [[desert]] fathers of the fourth century. It is a daily personal [[discipline]], a practice of stillness and [[simplicity]], not a substitute for all the other forms of prayer, but as a center for them.<ref>http://www.houstoncontemplative.org/christian_meditation.htm</ref>
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[[Christian]] meditation is a form of silent, contemplative [[prayer]] that uses a [[prayer]]-word, which is rooted in the [[gospel]] and the letters of [[St. Paul]], and originated with the early [[desert]] fathers of the fourth century. It is a daily personal [[discipline]], a practice of stillness and [[simplicity]], not a substitute for all the other forms of prayer, but as a center for them.<ref>[http://www.houstoncontemplative.org/christian_meditation.htm Christian meditation @ HoustonContempltive.org]</ref>
  
==Buddhist Meditation - Contemplation==
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==Buddhist meditation - Contemplation==
 
Meditation or [[contemplation]] is the fifth of the "Ten Perfections of the [[Altruism|Altruistic]] Attitude" according to [[Buddhist]] practice:
 
Meditation or [[contemplation]] is the fifth of the "Ten Perfections of the [[Altruism|Altruistic]] Attitude" according to [[Buddhist]] practice:
 
# '''[[Generosity]]''' ([[Charity]]-[[Philanthropy]]- [[Benevolence]]: "Benefit others more than yourself.")
 
# '''[[Generosity]]''' ([[Charity]]-[[Philanthropy]]- [[Benevolence]]: "Benefit others more than yourself.")
# '''[[Morality]]''' of the Five Precepts - [[Renunciation]] of [[immorality]] and the [[cause and effect|causes]] of [[suffering]] (the causes are always based in [[immorality]] or [[amoral]] behavior.
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# '''[[Morality]]''' of the Five Precepts - [[Renunciation]] of [[immorality]] and the [[cause and effect|causes]] of [[suffering]] (the causes are always based in [[immorality]] or [[amoral]] behavior).
 
# '''[[Patience]]''' (implies [[Forgiveness]] and [[Endurance]])
 
# '''[[Patience]]''' (implies [[Forgiveness]] and [[Endurance]])
 
# '''Joyful [[Perseverance]]''' ([[Persistence]], [[Determination]] and Moral [[Fortitude]] or Moral [[Courage]])
 
# '''Joyful [[Perseverance]]''' ([[Persistence]], [[Determination]] and Moral [[Fortitude]] or Moral [[Courage]])
# '''[[Meditation]]''' ([[Calm]] Abiding or Making the [[mind]] have deeply [[Kapha|relaxed]] [[Pitta|focused]] [[Vata|awareness]] for [[contemplation]] of [[morality]]-[[compassion]]-[[wisdom]])
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# '''Meditation''' ([[Calm]] Abiding or Making the [[mind]] have deeply [[relaxation|relaxed]] [[focus]]ed [[awareness]] for [[contemplation]] of [[morality]]-[[compassion]]-[[wisdom]])
 
# '''[[Wisdom]]''' ([[Interdependence]], [[Understanding]] [[Cause and effect]], [[Prudence]], [[Humility]] of "No Self")
 
# '''[[Wisdom]]''' ([[Interdependence]], [[Understanding]] [[Cause and effect]], [[Prudence]], [[Humility]] of "No Self")
 
# '''Skillful Means''' or Expedient Means (Use the "medicine" according to the particular "disease" and "patient")
 
# '''Skillful Means''' or Expedient Means (Use the "medicine" according to the particular "disease" and "patient")
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# '''Great [[Wisdom]]''' ([[Buddha]]hood)
 
# '''Great [[Wisdom]]''' ([[Buddha]]hood)
  
Depending on the [[sect]] of [[Buddhism]], many [[tradition]]s of Buddhist meditation teach the [[discipline]] of [[Kapha|relaxed]] [[Pitta|focused]] [[contemplation]] and [[awareness]] of [[virtue]] through regular daily [[reflection]] on the above Ten Perfections. All forms of Buddhism stress that success in meditation is impossible without first cultivating one's 1. [[Generosity]], 2. [[Morality]], 3. [[Patience]], and 4. Joyful [[Perseverance]] (requires understanding, awareness and development of [[Chi]]-[[Prana]].
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Depending on the [[sect]] of [[Buddhism]], many [[tradition]]s of Buddhist meditation teach the [[discipline]] of relaxed focused contemplation and awareness of [[virtue]] through regular daily [[reflection]] on the above Ten Perfections. All forms of Buddhism stress that success in meditation is impossible without first cultivating one's 1. Generosity, 2. Morality, 3. Patience, and 4. Joyful Perseverance (requires understanding, awareness and development of [[Qi]]-[[Prana]]).
  
==See Also==
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==Focus in meditation==
* [[Stress management]]
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[[Focus]] in [[Buddhism|Buddhist]] meditation means [[concentration|concentrating]] the [[mind]] selectively on a single aspect of one's thoughts or images while [[renunciation|letting go]] of all other things until the mind become "single-pointed" ("[[samadhi]]") through [[relaxation|relaxed]] focused [[awareness]] ("[[shamatha]]"). According to Buddhism, focus is related to the "[[fire]] element" of the mind and nervous system.
* [[Buddhism]]: [[Five Precepts]] [[Morality]] [[Vow]]s as the Foundation of Meditation
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* [[Taoism]] - [[Qi]]
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==See also==
* [[Hinduism]] - [[Devotion]] Meditation
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* [[Yoga]]
* [[Yoga]] - [[Prana]] and [[Pranayama]] Meditation
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* [[Ayurvedic medicine]]
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* [[Martial art]]s such as [[Tai Chi]], [[Kung Fu]] and [[Aikido]] as meditation
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* [[Alois P. Swoboda]]
 
* [[Alois P. Swoboda]]
 
* [[Herbert Benson]]
 
* [[Herbert Benson]]
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<references/>
 
<references/>
  
[[Category:Religion]]
 
[[Category:Buddhism]]
 
[[Category:Hinduism]]
 
[[Category:Taoism]]
 
 
[[Category:Psychology]]
 
[[Category:Psychology]]
[[Category:Martial Arts]]
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[[Category:Religion]]
[[Category:Yoga]]
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[[Category:Ayurvedic Medicine]]
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[[Category:Traditional Chinese Medicine]]
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[[Category:Health]]
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[[Category:Complementary Medicine]]]
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Revision as of 18:09, 17 September 2016

Meditation is a technique for producing an altered state of consciousness. It usually involves sitting still for a period during which consciousness might be relaxed and focused by means of a word repeated silently in the mind, or by the visualization of an image of some sort. The Vipassana, or insight, meditation practiced by Buddhists initially stresses observation of what takes place in the mind and body (breathing and sensations) during meditation.

Christian meditation - Contemplation

Meditation in the Bible goes back to the book of Genesis and appears periodically throughout. Focus is not on a word, but on a thought or concept. An example of a verse on meditation is found in Psalms 1:2

But his delight is in the law of the Lord, and on his law he meditates day and night (NIV version).

Christian meditation is a form of silent, contemplative prayer that uses a prayer-word, which is rooted in the gospel and the letters of St. Paul, and originated with the early desert fathers of the fourth century. It is a daily personal discipline, a practice of stillness and simplicity, not a substitute for all the other forms of prayer, but as a center for them.[1]

Buddhist meditation - Contemplation

Meditation or contemplation is the fifth of the "Ten Perfections of the Altruistic Attitude" according to Buddhist practice:

  1. Generosity (Charity-Philanthropy- Benevolence: "Benefit others more than yourself.")
  2. Morality of the Five Precepts - Renunciation of immorality and the causes of suffering (the causes are always based in immorality or amoral behavior).
  3. Patience (implies Forgiveness and Endurance)
  4. Joyful Perseverance (Persistence, Determination and Moral Fortitude or Moral Courage)
  5. Meditation (Calm Abiding or Making the mind have deeply relaxed focused awareness for contemplation of morality-compassion-wisdom)
  6. Wisdom (Interdependence, Understanding Cause and effect, Prudence, Humility of "No Self")
  7. Skillful Means or Expedient Means (Use the "medicine" according to the particular "disease" and "patient")
  8. Great Vows (to get Enlightened in order to better "Benefit others more than yourself.")
  9. Great Strength
  10. Great Wisdom (Buddhahood)

Depending on the sect of Buddhism, many traditions of Buddhist meditation teach the discipline of relaxed focused contemplation and awareness of virtue through regular daily reflection on the above Ten Perfections. All forms of Buddhism stress that success in meditation is impossible without first cultivating one's 1. Generosity, 2. Morality, 3. Patience, and 4. Joyful Perseverance (requires understanding, awareness and development of Qi-Prana).

Focus in meditation

Focus in Buddhist meditation means concentrating the mind selectively on a single aspect of one's thoughts or images while letting go of all other things until the mind become "single-pointed" ("samadhi") through relaxed focused awareness ("shamatha"). According to Buddhism, focus is related to the "fire element" of the mind and nervous system.

See also

References

  1. Christian meditation @ HoustonContempltive.org