Objects from the fictional Middle-earth legendarium.
Glamdring (Sindarin: "Foe-hammer") was a sword forged for the Elven King Turgon in the First Age. It was missing for thousands of years until it was found alongside Orcrist and the dagger later known as Sting in a troll cave in The Hobbit, by Gandalf and company, who kept it for himself. It was made by the Elves of Gondolin in the First Age, and its blade glows blue if Orcs are near.
Narsil was the sword of King Elendil. The sword was broken during the War of the Last Alliance, and brought to Rivendell. In T.A. 3018, Narsil was reforged for Aragorn before he set out with the Fellowship of the Ring, upon which he renamed it Andúril (Sindarin: "Flame of the West").
Orcrist (Sindarin: "Goblin-cleaver") was a sword forged by the Elves of Gondolin in the First Age, and its blade glows blue if Orcs are near. It was missing for thousands of years until it was found alongside Glamdring and the dagger later known as Sting in a troll cave in The Hobbit, by Thorin Oakenshield and company, who kept it for himself. After the Battle of Five Armies, Orcrist was placed on Thorin's tomb.
Sting is the sword wielded by Bilbo and Frodo Baggins. It was made by the Elves of Gondolin in the First Age, and its blade glows blue if Orcs are near. It was found alongside the swords Glamdring and Orcrist during the events of The Hobbit when Bilbo and his companions came upon the hoard of the trolls they met earlier. More a dagger than a sword, Bilbo got the small sword to fit his size. After defeating the spiders of Mirkwood he named the sword "Sting". When Bilbo left the Shire in The Lord of the Rings, he took Sting with him to Rivendell. Before the Fellowship set out from Rivendell, Bilbo gave Frodo his sword Sting and his mithril-shirt. Samwise Gamgee carries Sting for a while after leaving the supposedly dead Frodo, but later returns it to him.
Mithril-shirt was a small chainmail shirt made of mithril. It was given to Bilbo Baggins by Thorin Oakenshield from the hoard of the dragon Smaug in the Lonely Mountain. When Bilbo left the Shire in Lord of the Rings, he took the Mithril-shirt with him to Rivendell. Before the Fellowship set out from Rivendell, Bilbo gave Frodo his sword Sting and his mithril-shirt. The mithril-shirt was among the things taken from Frodo when he was imprisoned at theTower of Cirith Ungol and later presented to his allies at the Morannon. Gandalf took Frodo's things, which were later returned to him.
Rings of Power
The Rings of Power were a group of twenty rings made by the Elves of Eregion and Sauron. Those who wore one of the Rings of Power were called Ring-bearers. In the Second Age, Sauron took on the guise of Annatar and came to the Elves of Eregion to teach them how to forge rings of power. Together with Annartar the Elves made the Nine and the Seven. The Three were forged by Celebrimbor without Sauron knowing. Sauron himself made the One Ring.
The Nine Rings were given to nine kings and leaders of Men. They became the Nazgûl, servants of Sauron.
The Seven Rings were given to the Dwarves, but Sauron could never gain control over them. By the end of the Third Age, all of the Seven had been destroyed or retaken by Sauron.
Vilya, the Ring of Air or Ring of Sapphire was one of the Three Rings. It was a golden ring with a blue stone. Celebrimbor sent the ring Vilya Gil-galad, who later gave it to Elrond before his death in the Siege of Barad-dûr.
Nenya, the Ring of Adamant and the Ring of Water, was one of the Three Rings. It was a ring made of mithril and set with a white stone. The ring Nenya was given to the Lady Galadriel, who used it to preserve and protect Lothlórien.
Narya, also named the Ring of Fire or Red Ring, was one of the Three Rings. It was a ring with a red stone. According to the Unfinished Tales, Celebrimbor sent Narya together with the ring Vilya to Gil-galad, who later gave Narya to Círdan. According to The Lord of the Rings, it was directly to Círdan. Círdan later gave the ring to Gandalf, who wore it until he left Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age together with the other Ring-bearers.
The One Ring
The One Ring was one of the Rings of Power. It first appeared in The Hobbit as an unimportant magic ring making its wearer invisible, but in the later The Lord of the Rings became the object of the central quest.
The One Ring was created by Sauron alone, in the Sammath Naur in Mount Doom, sometime during the Second Age. With this Ring he planned to control the other Rings of Power and their wearers. In the One Ring Sauron put half of his power and lifeforce and will, which made it very powerful. But this also meant that when the Ring was cut from his hand later that he was instantly defeated and without power or form for a long time. But because part of his power and life was in the One Ring, Sauron would exist as long as the Ring remained. The Ring could only be destroyed by casting it back into the Sammath Naur where it was forged.
The One Ring appeared as a simple golden ring without any decoration or stones. If the Ring was put into fire, the heat would reveal a fiery inscription in the Black Speech written in Tengwar letters:
- Ash nazg durbatulûk, ash nazg gimbatul, ash nazg thrakatulûk, agh burzum-ishi krimpatul.
Translated roughly the inscription means:
- One ring to rule them all, One ring to find them, One ring to bring them all, and in the darkness bind them.
If put on by a mortal, the person would be invisible to the normal world. The invisible person would see the world differently, for example being able to see the Nazgûl in their true form.
Sauron lost the One Ring when it was cut from his hand by Isildur during the last battle of the Siege of Barad-dûr. Isildur was advised by both Elrond and Círdan to destroy the Ring, but he refused and kept the ring as a weregild for his father and brother. When Isildur later journeyed north, he was attacked by Orcs, resulting in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields. While Isildur tried to get the Ring to safety by crossing the river Anduin, it slipped from his finger and he was shot by archers, earning it the name Isildur's Bane. The One Ring remained lost for two and a half millenia. It was found again by the Stoor Hobbit Déagol while fishing in the Gladden Fields in T.A. 2463. He was killed by is friend Sméagol, later known as Gollum, who took the Ring and took it with him into the caves under the Misty Mountains, where the Ring prolonged his life and changed him over a time of five hundred years. As told in The Hobbit, Gollum lost the Ring in the caves where it was found by Bilbo Baggins in T.A. 2941. Bilbo took the Ring with him on his return to the Shire; he later left it for his heir Frodo Baggins when he left. In September of T.A. 3018, Frodo set out on his quest to take the One Ring to Rivendell, and after that to take it to Mount Doom and destroy it. In March T.A. 3019, the One Ring was destroyed when Gollum slipped and fell into the Sammath Naur while holding onto the One Ring.
The palantíri or Seeing Stones were a means of communication created by the Elves. They were perfectly ball-shaped, black in colour, and looked like made from crystal or glass. Their size could range from only a foor in diameter to very lage ones that could not be carried. By looking into a palantír one could see faraway places, and "talk" to other people using another of the palantíri. Seven palantíri were brought to Middle-earth by Elendil when he fled the destruction of Númenor. These were put in the tower of Elostirion on the Tower Hills, the Tower of Amon Sûl, the cities Annúminas, Osgiliath, Minas Ithil, Minas Anor, and the tower Orthanc.
Red Book of Westmarch
The Red Book of Westmarch is a fictional book written by hobbits, from which many of Tolkien's writings are supposedly "translated". Among many other things it also contains the stories of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings.
Bilbo Baggins began writing the story of his journey titled There and Back Again, which is also part of the full title of the published The Hobbit. The story of the War of the Ring and the events of The Lord of the Rings were begun by Bilbo and mostly written by Frodo Baggins, titled The Downfall of the Lord of the Rings and the Return of the King. Added were three volumes of Translations from the Elvish, by B.B.. The Red Book was given to Samwise Gamgee, who added the events of the beginning of the Fourth Age, before passing it on to his daughter Elanor. The Red Book was also copied several times, kept by the Shire and the Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor.