Miramax Films was a former wholly owned subsidiary of The Walt Disney Company. Miramax was originally founded in 1988 as an independent studio by film producers Bob Wienstein and Harvey Wienstein prior to being acquired by Disney in 1993. It was eventually shut down by Disney in 2010 following bankruptcy and in-house battles within the studio. Following the acquisition by Disney, the studio was notable for seeing the release of numerous controversial R-rated and NC-17-rated films including the ultra-violent Natural Born Killers, Reservoir Dogs and Pulp Fiction (the latter of the three directed by liberal Quentin Tarantino), as well as titles ultimately banned by Disney (due to their explicit and offensive nature) including Kids (1994) and Dogma (1998).
Kids, a film which depicted underage teenagers engaging in obscene sexual activities, was just barely banned by Disney CEO Michael Eisner after much backlash, forcing Miramax heads the Wienstein brothers to establish an independent banner to release the film under, while Dogma, director Kevin Smith's anti-Catholic "comedy", was sold to Lions Gate Films by Disney thanks to action taken by Christian groups, such as The Catholic League, who sent letters to Eisner advising Disney to drop the film.