Monopoly (board game)
Monopoly is an American board game designed by Charles B. Darrow in 1934 . Originally distributed by Parker Brother, Monopoly is now the property of Hasbro. Monopoly is one the best-known American board games and immensely popular world wide, having been published in 80 countries and 26 languages.
Its development has roots in Great Depression and earlier, where it was first developed to understand the adversarial process of finance, and then as a means to make light of the financial problems posed by real monopolists. Darrow developed the final version, now world famous.
In Monopoly, two or more players take turns rolling dice and moving their tokens clockwise through boxes drawn around the edges of a square board based on the street names of Atlantic City NJ. Upon landing in a box, a player:
- may buy the property if no other player owns it
- must pay rent to the player who owns it
- draws a Chance or Community Chest card
When you pass Go you collect $200. If you land on Jail or Free Parking, nothing happens. The box marked Go To Jail is self-explanatory.
Landing on Luxury Tax costs you $75. Income Tax requires some arithmetic, though. You must pay either $200 or 10% of the total of (1) your cash and (2) the purchase price of all your properties and improvements.
Overseas versions have cities appropriate for the their marketplace, for example the British version of the game has squares based upon areas within London.
Several authorized and unauthorized versions have been created featuring different American cities, sports teams, comic book covers, and more.
- History of the Monopoly Game at www.Hasbro.com