In its most elementary form **multiplication** is the repeated addition of whole numbers or integers.

- For example,

The result of a multiplication is the *product*. The numbers which are multiplied together are called *factors*.

In this context, it is also one of the most well-known commutative operations: It yields the same result, regardless of placement of numbers.

- For example .

Multiplication also possesses the associative property.

The opposite of multiplication is division.

## Properties of Multiplication

- Multiplying any number by 1 yields that same number again. E.g.
- Multiplying any number by 0 yields 0. E.g.