Difference between revisions of "Murder"

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*"malice aforethought" is a legal concept and only requires a momentary intention immediately prior to the act.
 
*"malice aforethought" is a legal concept and only requires a momentary intention immediately prior to the act.
  
*The [[Common law|common law]] rule that in order for an act to constitute murder, the victim  must die within a year and a day of the wounding, has now been modified by statute in a number of jurisdictions.
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*The [[common law]] rule that in order for an act to constitute murder, the victim  must die within a year and a day of the wounding, has now been modified by statute in a number of jurisdictions.
  
 
In addition to various secular prohibitions, the sixth<ref>[[Exodus]] 20:3-17 and [[Deuteronomy]] 5:6-21</ref> of the [[Ten Commandments]] forbids murder.  
 
In addition to various secular prohibitions, the sixth<ref>[[Exodus]] 20:3-17 and [[Deuteronomy]] 5:6-21</ref> of the [[Ten Commandments]] forbids murder.  
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==Legality==
 
==Legality==
  
Killing humans is often legalized and committed without repercussions from governments. Such cases include wars, police actions, executions of prisoners, and [[abortion]]. The moral implications of these actions is often the subject of debate. It should be noted that although they end life, and may or may not be subject to homicide laws.
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Killing humans is often legalized and committed without repercussions from governments. Such cases include wars, police actions, executions of prisoners, and [[abortion]]. The moral implications of these actions is often the subject of debate.
  
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== Degrees ==
  
According to The Holy Bible, murder is justifiable, and sometimes encouraged:
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Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with deliberate intent to kill: (1) murder in the first degree is characterized by premeditation; (2) murder in the second degree is characterized by a sudden and instantaneous intent to kill or to cause injury without caring whether the injury kills or not.
  
When a child strikes their parent;
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== Mass murder ==
Whoever strikes his father or mother shall be put to death.  (Exodus 21:15 NAB)
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Those who aren't Christian;
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[[Mass murder]] is the killing of very large numbers of people.  
Whoever sacrifices to any god, except the Lord alone, shall be doomed. (Exodus 22:19 NAB)
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Anyone who belongs to a town which an Atheist lives in;
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=== Atheism and mass murder ===
Suppose you hear in one of the towns the LORD your God is giving you that some worthless rabble among you have led their fellow citizens astray by encouraging them to worship foreign gods.  In such cases, you must examine the facts carefully.  If you find it is true and can prove that such a detestable act has occurred among you, you must attack that town and completely destroy all its inhabitants, as well as all the livestock.  Then you must pile all the plunder in the middle of the street and burn it.  Put the entire town to the torch as a burnt offering to the LORD your God.  That town must remain a ruin forever; it may never be rebuilt.  Keep none of the plunder that has been set apart for destruction.  Then the LORD will turn from his fierce anger and be merciful to you.  He will have compassion on you and make you a great nation, just as he solemnly promised your ancestors.  "The LORD your God will be merciful only if you obey him and keep all the commands I am giving you today, doing what is pleasing to him."  (Deuteronomy 13:13-19 NLT)
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'''See also:''' [[Atheism and mass murder]]
  
Those who work on Sundays;
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[[Christian apologetics|Christian apologist]] Gregory Koukl wrote that "the assertion is that religion has caused most of the killing and bloodshed in the world.
The LORD then gave these further instructions to Moses: 'Tell the people of Israel to keep my Sabbath day, for the Sabbath is a sign of the covenant between me and you forever. It helps you to remember that I am the LORD, who makes you holy. Yes, keep the Sabbath day, for it is holy. Anyone who desecrates it must die; anyone who works on that day will be cut off from the community. Work six days only, but the seventh day must be a day of total rest.  I repeat: Because the LORD considers it a holy day, anyone who works on the Sabbath must be put to death.' (Exodus 31:12-15 NLT
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There are people who make accusations and assertions that are empirically false. This is one of them."<ref name="Koukl">Koukl, Gregory, [http://www.str.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=5527 The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity?], 1994</ref>
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Koukl details the number of people killed in various events involving theism and compares them to the much higher tens of millions of people killed under [[Atheism|atheistic]] [[communist]] regimes, in which [[militant atheism]] served as the official doctrine of the state.<ref name="Koukl" />  
  
Anyone who is a firstborn in Egypt;
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It has been estimated that in less than the past 100 years, governments under the banner of atheistic [[communism]] have caused the death of somewhere between 40,472,000 and 259,432,000 human lives.<ref>Multiple references:
And at midnight the LORD killed all the firstborn sons in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sat on the throne, to the firstborn son of the captive in the dungeon. Even the firstborn of their livestock were killedPharaoh and his officials and all the people of Egypt woke up during the night, and loud wailing was heard throughout the land of Egypt. There was not a single house where someone had not died. (Exodus 12:29-30 NLT)
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*Anticommunist (April 14, 2004).  [http://web.archive.org/web/20130607125427/http://www.indymedia.org.uk/en/2004/04/289239.html "The Human Cost of Communism - 100 million"]UK Indymedia.  Retrieved from June 7, 2013 archive at Internet Achive.
 
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*[http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~hpcws/lelivrenoir.htm "''The Black Book of Communism''"].  Harvard University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences website:  Cold War Studies.
Anyone whose parent or parents sin;
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*Rummel, R. J. (November 1993).  [http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/COM.ART.HTM "How many did communist regimes murder?"]  University of Hawaii website; Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War.
If even then you remain hostile toward me and refuse to obey, I will inflict you with seven more disasters for your sinsI will release wild animals that will kill your children and destroy your cattle, so your numbers will dwindle and your roads will be deserted.  (Leviticus 26:21-22 NLT)
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*White, Matthew (February 2011)[http://necrometrics.com/20c5m.htm "Source list and detailed death tolls for the primary megadeaths of the twentieth century"]Necrometrics.
 
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*Higgins, David (June 22, 2007). [http://web.archive.org/web/20071008035420/http://www.sarasotamagazine.com/blog/template_permalink.asp?id=365 "Memory and ideology: Washington's newest statue is the Victims Of Communism Memorial"].  Sarasota Magazine website.  Retrieved from October 8, 2007 archive at Internet Archive
God murders and commands his followers to murder those who do not serve him.
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*Radosh, Ronald (February 2000).  [http://www.firstthings.com/article.php3?id_article=2526 "''The Black Book of Communism: Crimes, Terror, Repression''"]. First Things [journal] website.</ref>  Dr. R. J. Rummel, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Hawaii, is the scholar who first coined the term democide (death by government). Dr. R. J. Rummel's mid estimate regarding the loss of life due to communism is that communism caused the death of approximately 110,286,000 people between 1917 and 1987.<ref>Rummel, R. J. (November 1993).  [http://www.hawaii.edu/powerkills/COM.ART.HTM "How many did communist regimes murder?"]  University of Hawaii website; Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War.</ref>
 
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== Degrees ==
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Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with deliberate intent to kill: (1) murder in the first degree is characterized by premeditation; (2) murder in the second degree is characterized by a sudden and instantaneous intent to kill or to cause injury without caring whether the injury kills or not.
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==Trivia==
 
==Trivia==
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{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
==See Also==
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==See also==
 
*[[Mass murder]]
 
*[[Mass murder]]
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{{Ten Commandments}}
  
 
[[Category:Crimes]]
 
[[Category:Crimes]]

Latest revision as of 12:11, 11 November 2017

Murder is the deliberate, malicious and unlawful killing of one human being by another. Sir Edward Coke defined it as: "when a man of sound memory, and of the age of discretion, unlawfully killeth within any county of the realm any reasonable creature in rerum natura[1] under the king's peace, with malice aforethought, either expressed by the party or implied by law, so as the party wounded, or hurt, etc. die of the wound or hurt etc. within a year and a day after the same."[2]

  • "A man of sound memory, and of the age of discretion" means, in essence, a sane man.
  • "reasonable creature in rerum natura" means any human being.
  • "malice aforethought" is a legal concept and only requires a momentary intention immediately prior to the act.
  • The common law rule that in order for an act to constitute murder, the victim must die within a year and a day of the wounding, has now been modified by statute in a number of jurisdictions.

In addition to various secular prohibitions, the sixth[3] of the Ten Commandments forbids murder.

Legality

Killing humans is often legalized and committed without repercussions from governments. Such cases include wars, police actions, executions of prisoners, and abortion. The moral implications of these actions is often the subject of debate.

Degrees

Murder is the unlawful killing of a human being with deliberate intent to kill: (1) murder in the first degree is characterized by premeditation; (2) murder in the second degree is characterized by a sudden and instantaneous intent to kill or to cause injury without caring whether the injury kills or not.

Mass murder

Mass murder is the killing of very large numbers of people.

Atheism and mass murder

See also: Atheism and mass murder

Christian apologist Gregory Koukl wrote that "the assertion is that religion has caused most of the killing and bloodshed in the world. There are people who make accusations and assertions that are empirically false. This is one of them."[4] Koukl details the number of people killed in various events involving theism and compares them to the much higher tens of millions of people killed under atheistic communist regimes, in which militant atheism served as the official doctrine of the state.[4]

It has been estimated that in less than the past 100 years, governments under the banner of atheistic communism have caused the death of somewhere between 40,472,000 and 259,432,000 human lives.[5] Dr. R. J. Rummel, professor emeritus of political science at the University of Hawaii, is the scholar who first coined the term democide (death by government). Dr. R. J. Rummel's mid estimate regarding the loss of life due to communism is that communism caused the death of approximately 110,286,000 people between 1917 and 1987.[6]

Trivia

  • A group of crows is called "a murder of crows".
  • The Biblical Cain is history's first murderer.

References

  1. rerum natura: In the nature of things; in existence.
  2. Coke 3 Inst 47
  3. Exodus 20:3-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21
  4. 4.0 4.1 Koukl, Gregory, The Real Murderers: Atheism or Christianity?, 1994
  5. Multiple references:
  6. Rummel, R. J. (November 1993). "How many did communist regimes murder?" University of Hawaii website; Freedom, Democracy, Peace; Power, Democide, and War.

See also