Natalism is "the policy or practice of encouraging the bearing of children, especially government support of a higher birthrate."
Sub-replacement levels of fertility, absent immigration, causes population decline. Some countries in order to reverse population decline offer various incentives people to have big families in order to try to reverse declining populations. For example, incentives may include: single time baby bonuses; reoccurring child benefit payments or reductions in taxes. Some countries impose penalties such as taxes on families with fewer children. In addition, some nations, such as Japan/Singapore/South Korea and Taiwan, have implemented, or attempted to implement, interventionist natalist policies which create incentives for larger families among native people. Immigrants generally are not a part of natalist policies.
Countries with natalist policies
Below is a list of countries with natalist policies:
- South Korea
- Saudi Arabia
Communist countries and natalist policies
Although the earliest Marxist–Leninist revolutionaries propagated social depravities, i.e. Leninist Russia permitting massive numbers of abortions, later Communists under a Stalinist model pursued rigidly enforced "national-conservative" social policies enforced from the top down, using a pseudo-form of morality to facilitate the growth of the Communist nation.
|“|| The sterility tax is part of the panoply of drastic measures under consideration by the Russian Federation, since President Vladimir Putin announced that Russia’s greatest threat is its demographic decline. The Duma intends the tax either to encourage Russians to have more children, or make childless Russians help absorb the costs of the government’s maternal capital program, which gives 250,000 rubles (9,200USD) to mothers for the birth of another child.
The tax would reinstate in principle the first sterility tax imposed by Joseph Stalin in 1941, who saw it as a way to increase rapidly Russia’s population being devastated by Hitler’s invasion in World War II. Stalin’s tax required all the men (from 20 to 50) and women (from 20 to 45) to pay 6% of their salary to the state if they didn’t have children. The Duma’s childless tax is expected to operate along similar lines, although it has yet to work out concrete details.
—Peter J. Smith, September 27, 2006
- "Pro-natalism: Breaking the baby strike". The Economist. 25 July 2015.
- Onishi, Norimitsu (21 August 2005). "South Korea, in Turnabout, Now Calls for More Babies". The New York Times
- Anti-Natalism: When global warming fears make people terrified of having children, LifeSiteNews.com
- Pro-natalist policy countries
- Clarke Ciaran (December 21, 2019). Abortion and The Lancet's call to arms. The Lancet. Retrieved September 4, 2023.
- This in essence, ironically, parallels the ideology of contemporary "right-wing populism" which follows a left-wing populist approach to economics syncretized with "social conservatism." Many "right-wing populists" support the insurgent MAGA Communism movement, a potential outgrowth of National Bolshevism.
- Although Marxist theory rejects orthodox nationalism, practically every Communist country rabidly employed patriotic nationalism as a means of directing mass support for the central state.
- Smith, Peter J. (September 27, 2006). Russia Considers Sterility Tax to Encourage Births. LifeSiteNews. Retrieved September 4, 2023.