Last modified on July 17, 2019, at 12:53

National Rally (France)

National Rally
Party leader Marine Le Pen
Parliamentary leader
Founded 1972
Political ideology Nationalism
Political position Fiscal: Protectionism (current), Free market (historically)
Social: Moderate (current), Conservative (historically)
International affiliation Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom[1]
Color(s) Blue, white, red

The National Rally (formerly known as National Front; Front National in French) is a nationalistic and Euroskeptic political party in France. Its current leader is Marine Le Pen, daughter of former leader Jean-Marie Le Pen.

The only ideological feature that maintains the party since its foundation is nationalism; their social and economic policies have varied in different periods. Economically the party was already capitalist and socialist, currently being protectionist. Socially, the party has been conservative and progressive, currently being moderate. Marine Le Pen, its leader, supports abortion. Under the management of Marine Le Pen, the party became less radical nationalist, and all its Nazi, fascist and anti-Semite members were expelled. The party has reached out to French Jews,[2] and it has seen increasing support from the military and police.[3]


2014 European Parliament election

The National Front won the most seats of any French political party in the European Parliament in May 2014.[4]

2017 presidential election

First round results of the French presidential election. Departments won by Le Pen are shaded dark blue.

Le Pen ran in the 2017 presidential election, her second presidential election in a row. United States President Donald Trump called her the strongest of the presidential candidates, particularly on borders and security.[5] British politician and radio talk show host Nigel Farage endorsed Le Pen.[6] By contrast, former U.S. President Barack Obama spoke with pro-EU candidate Emmanuel Macron,[7] who stated that terrorism would be "part of our daily lives for the years to come."[8] After the first round, Obama explicitly endorsed Macron's candidacy.[9]

Left-wing opponents of Le Pen stated that even before the election, Le Pen made a large impact, shifting the political debate in France to the right.[10]

Le Pen received second place in the first round of the election on April 23 with over 21% of the vote, meaning she advanced to the second round to face Macron.[11][12]

Le Pen chose conservative nationalist Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, the president of the political party France Arise, to be her prime minister if elected.[13][14]

Although Le Pen lost the election with just under 34% of the vote, the election was a victory for her in a sense as it showed that she, her party, and their ideas had entered and were influencing the French mainstream.[15] Soon after the election, it was revealed that even if Le Pen had won, the liberal elite in France would have taken steps to keep her from actually welding power.[16]

2019 European Parliament election

In the 2019 European Parliament elections, the National Rally once again became the largest party in France.[17]

See also


  2. Byas, Steve (January 1, 2019). Right-wing European Parties Seek Jewish Support. The New American. Retrieved January 1, 2019.
  3. Tomlinson, Chris (July 17, 2019). French Military and Police Increasingly Supporting Right-Populist Marine Le Pen. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 17, 2019.
  4. McPartland, Ben (May 25, 2014). European Elections 2014: National Front tops vote. The Local. Retrieved July 10, 2017.
  5. Tomlinson, Chris (April 21, 2017). Trump Touts Le Pen As ‘Strongest’ Candidate in French Presidential Race. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
  6. Kassam, Raheem (May 3, 2017). Farage Breaks Cover on French Election: ‘I Want to See Le Pen Win’. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  7. Starr, Penny (April 22, 2017). Obama ‘Gently Waded’ Back into Politics: Spoke on Phone with Left-Leaning Presidential Candidate Macron. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  8. Montgomery, Jack (April 21, 2017). French Presidential Favourite Macron: Terrorism ‘Part of Our Daily Lives for Years to Come’ After Paris Shooting. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  9. Obama endorses Macron in French presidential race. Fox News. May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
  10. Hazareesingh, Sudhir (April 22, 2017). Marine Le Pen has already won. Politico. Retrieved April 22, 2017.
  11. French presidential election: Le Pen, Macron win first round to advance to runoff. Fox News. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  12. French election first round results 2017 – Macron and Le Pen go through. The Guardian. April 23, 2017. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  13. After His Endorsement, Le Pen Picks ‘Gaullist’ Conservative As Potential Prime Minister. Breitbart News. April 30, 2017. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  14. Blamont, Matthias; Carraud, Simon (29 April 2017). French Presidential Hopeful Le Pen Names Nationalist as Prime Minister. Fox Business. Retrieved April 30, 2017.
  15. Mohdin, Aamna (May 8, 2017). Marine Le Pen lost the vote but she won something better. Quartz. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  16. Dettmer, Jamie (May 19, 2017). Media: French Officials Had Secret Plan in Event of Le Pen Win. Voice of America. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  17. Multiple references: See also:

External links