Difference between revisions of "Nationalism"

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[[Image:Delacroix La liberte guidant le peuple.jpg|right|300px|La liberte guidant le peuple]]
 
[[Image:Delacroix La liberte guidant le peuple.jpg|right|300px|La liberte guidant le peuple]]
'''Nationalism''' is a feeling of unity among a group of people born out of the [[French Revolution]] and [[Age of Enlightenment]] idea of worship of the ''[[Patrie]]'', or one's national origins and a sense of pride in their country.
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'''Nationalism''' is a feeling of unity among a group of people born out of the [[French Revolution]] and [[Age of Enlightenment]] idea of worship of the ''[[Patriotism|Patrie]]'', or one's national origins and a sense of pride in their country.
  
Nationalists today support [[national sovereignty]] and [[self-governance]] over [[globalism]], preserving their respective national cultures and demographics over [[multiculturalism]], and a [[border wall]]. [[Economic nationalism]] is a variant of nationalism that prioritizes a nation-state's economic independence. Nationalism has a strong association with [[limited government]], [[individual liberty]], and national cohesion.<ref name="Hazony2018">Hazony, Yoram (August 24, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-liberty-of-nations-1535120837 The Liberty of Nations]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 25, 2018.</ref><ref>Munro, Neil (October 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/10/16/nyt-op-ed-nationalism-vital-good-society/ New York Times Op-Ed: Nationalism Is Vital for a Good Society]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 16, 2018.</ref><ref>[https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/editorials/much-ado-about-nationalism Much ado about nationalism]. ''Washington Examiner''. October 24, 2018. Retrieved October 24, 2018.</ref>
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Nationalists today support [[national sovereignty]] and [[self-governance]] over [[globalism]], preserving their respective national cultures and demographics over [[multiculturalism]], and a [[border wall]]. [[Economic nationalism]] is a variant of nationalism that prioritizes a nation-state's economic independence. Nationalism has a strong association with [[limited government]], [[individual liberty]], and national cohesion,<ref name="Hazony2018">Hazony, Yoram (August 24, 2018). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/the-liberty-of-nations-1535120837 The Liberty of Nations]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved August 25, 2018.</ref><ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Munro, Neil (October 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/immigration/2018/10/16/nyt-op-ed-nationalism-vital-good-society/ New York Times Op-Ed: Nationalism Is Vital for a Good Society]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 16, 2018.
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*[https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/opinion/editorials/much-ado-about-nationalism Much ado about nationalism]. ''Washington Examiner''. October 24, 2018. Retrieved October 24, 2018.
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*Singleton, Shermichael (February 26, 2019). [https://thehill.com/opinion/white-house/431557-the-case-for-nationalism The case for nationalism]. ''The Hill''. Retrieved February 26, 2019.
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*Bauer, Fred (August 28, 2019). [https://www.nationalreview.com/2019/08/nationalism-liberalism-debate-community-personal-liberty/ What the Nationalism vs. Liberalism Debate Misses]. ''National Review''. Retrieved September 1, 2019.</ref> and it frequently serves as a force for national unity and against [[identity politics]] and racism.<ref>Kraychik, Robert (February 25, 2019). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2019/02/25/american-first-activist-you-are-no-more-mexican-than-i-am-african/ ‘American First’ Activist: ‘You Are No More Mexican Than I Am African’]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved February 25, 2019.</ref> Nationalism and [[patriotism]] are near synonyms, though [[Marxists]], [[communists]], and globalists all have tried to redefine the terms as opposites.<ref>Gregor, A. James (November 18, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/politics/2018/11/18/gregor-the-false-dichotomy-of-nationalism-versus-patriotism/ Gregor: The False Dichotomy of Nationalism Versus Patriotism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved November 18, 2018.</ref> Nationalism and [[imperialism]], however, are not synonymous and differ in important respects.<ref>Pipes, Daniel (August 2, 2019). [https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/aug/2/yes-nationalism-no-imperialism/ 'Yes to nationalism, no to imperialism']. ''The Washington Times''. Retrieved August 3, 2019.</ref>
  
Lack of nationalism, or a desire for new nations, was a cause for the split of countries such as [[Yugoslavia]] and [[Austria-Hungary]]. It can be considered positive, as a form of [[patriotism]],<ref name="Hazony2018"/><ref>Pinkerton, James P. (September 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/16/pinkerton-the-nationalist-revival-a-progressive-defends-the-deplorables/ Pinkerton: ‘The Nationalist Revival’ — a Progressive Defends the Deplorables]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 17, 2018.</ref> but it can also go to extremes, leading to hatred of non-members of the [[nation]] (which is often ethnically defined) and violence. Examples of this negative nationalism are the [[Nazi Party]] in [[Germany]] (although it should be noted that the propaganda minister for the Nazis, Joseph Goebbels, when describing the Nazis as being of the German Left, said "we despise bourgeois nationalism."), the ethnic conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and the current isolationist policies of [[North Korea]]. The latter version, in particular, Nazi Germany, also led to nationalism being demonized to the extent that even having any pride for a country is considered evil, and the former was also considered bad due to the idea that nationalism causes wars. This interpretation was generally pushed by [[globalist]]s and [[Postmodernism|post-modernists]], and adherents of the [[Idea of Progress]]. [[Liberal]]s and "[[Progressives]]" strongly oppose nationalism,<ref>Hayward, John (June 17, 2016). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2016/06/17/anti-nationalism-end-sovereignty/ Progressives’ Hatred of Nationalism Pushes US Towards the End of Sovereignty]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 25, 2018.</ref><ref>Cortes, Steve (October 29, 2018). [https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2018/10/29/after_pittsburgh_unfair_attacks_on_american_nationalism_138492.html After Pittsburgh, Unfair Attacks on American Nationalism]. ''RealClearPolitics''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.</ref> and they falsely claim it was the cause of [[World War I]].<ref>Byas, Steve (November 11, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/30612-macron-is-wrong-nationalism-was-not-the-cause-of-world-war-i Macron is Wrong: Nationalism Was Not the Cause of World War I]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 11, 2018.</ref> According to economist Dr. Samuel Gregg, the rise of nationalism in the 21st century has nothing to do with "racism" or "xenophobia," but rather citizens reasserting the concepts of the [[nation-state]] and national sovereignty in the face of [[collectivism]] and supranational unions.<ref>Williams, Thomas D. (October 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/22/report-nationalism-not-xenophobia-antidote-globalism/ Report: Nationalism Does Not Mean Xenophobia, but an Antidote to Globalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.</ref>
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Lack of nationalism, or a desire for new nations, was a cause for the split of countries such as [[Yugoslavia]] and [[Austria-Hungary]]. It can be considered positive, as a form of patriotism,<ref name="Hazony2018"/><ref>Pinkerton, James P. (September 16, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2018/09/16/pinkerton-the-nationalist-revival-a-progressive-defends-the-deplorables/ Pinkerton: ‘The Nationalist Revival’ — a Progressive Defends the Deplorables]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved September 17, 2018.<br>See also:
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*Heiser, James (March 29, 2019). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/reviews/books/item/31883-a-review-of-judis-the-nationalist-revival A Review of Judis’s “The Nationalist Revival”]. ''The New American''. Retrieved March 30, 2019.</ref><ref>Fonte, John (September 13, 2019). [https://www.nationalreview.com/magazine/2018/10/01/in-defense-of-nations-book-review/ In Defense of Nations]. ''National Review''. Retrieved January 13, 2019.</ref><ref>DeMuth, Christopher (July 19, 2019). [https://www.wsj.com/articles/americas-nationalist-awakening-11563574717 America’s Nationalist Awakening]. ''The Wall Street Journal''. Retrieved July 21, 2019.</ref> but it can also go to extremes, leading to hatred of non-members of the [[nation]] (which is often ethnically defined) and violence. Examples of this negative nationalism are the [[Nazi Party]] in [[Germany]] (although it should be noted that the propaganda minister for the Nazis, Joseph Goebbels, when describing the Nazis as being of the German Left, said "we despise bourgeois nationalism."), the ethnic conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and the current isolationist policies of [[North Korea]]. The latter version, in particular, Nazi Germany, also led to nationalism being demonized to the extent that even having any pride for a country is considered evil, and the former was also considered bad due to the idea that nationalism causes wars. This interpretation was generally pushed by [[globalist]]s and [[Postmodernism|post-modernists]], and adherents of the [[Idea of Progress]]. [[Liberal]]s and "[[Progressives]]" strongly oppose nationalism,<ref>Hayward, John (June 17, 2016). [https://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2016/06/17/anti-nationalism-end-sovereignty/ Progressives’ Hatred of Nationalism Pushes US Towards the End of Sovereignty]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved August 25, 2018.</ref><ref>Cortes, Steve (October 29, 2018). [https://www.realclearpolitics.com/articles/2018/10/29/after_pittsburgh_unfair_attacks_on_american_nationalism_138492.html After Pittsburgh, Unfair Attacks on American Nationalism]. ''RealClearPolitics''. Retrieved October 30, 2018.</ref> and they falsely associate it with [[fascism]] and claim it was the cause of [[World War I]].<ref>Multiple references:
 +
*Byas, Steve (November 11, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/30612-macron-is-wrong-nationalism-was-not-the-cause-of-world-war-i Macron is Wrong: Nationalism Was Not the Cause of World War I]. ''The New American''. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
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*Ryun, Ned (November 15, 2018). [https://www.foxnews.com/opinion/trump-vs-macron-what-the-french-president-doesnt-understand-about-nationalism Trump vs. Macron: What the French president doesn't understand about nationalism]. ''Fox News''. Retrieved November 15, 2018.</ref> According to economist Dr. Samuel Gregg, the rise of nationalism in the 21st century has nothing to do with "racism" or "xenophobia," but rather citizens reasserting the concepts of the [[nation-state]] and national sovereignty in the face of [[collectivism]] and supranational unions.<ref>Williams, Thomas D. (October 22, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2018/10/22/report-nationalism-not-xenophobia-antidote-globalism/ Report: Nationalism Does Not Mean Xenophobia, but an Antidote to Globalism]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved October 22, 2018.</ref>
  
[[Jean Jacques Rousseau]] and [[Johann Gottfried Herder]] were two of the main nationalist theorists.
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[[Jean Jacques Rousseau]] and [[Johann Gottfried Herder]] were two of the main nationalist theorists (although the former was closer to [[Jingoism|jingoist]]).
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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*[[Globalism]]
 
*[[Globalism]]
 
*[[Donald Trump and nationalism]]
 
*[[Donald Trump and nationalism]]
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==Further reading==
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*Hazony, Yoram (2018). ''The Virtue of Nationalism''. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 9781541645370.
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*Lowry, Rich (2019). ''The Case for Nationalism: How It Made Us Powerful, United, and Free''. New York: Broadside Books. ISBN 9780062839640.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
{{reflist}}
 
{{reflist}}
  
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{{Nationalism}}
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{{Globalism}}
 
[[Category:Political Terms]]
 
[[Category:Political Terms]]
 
[[Category:Nationalism]]
 
[[Category:Nationalism]]

Revision as of 12:07, 9 November 2019

La liberte guidant le peuple

Nationalism is a feeling of unity among a group of people born out of the French Revolution and Age of Enlightenment idea of worship of the Patrie, or one's national origins and a sense of pride in their country.

Nationalists today support national sovereignty and self-governance over globalism, preserving their respective national cultures and demographics over multiculturalism, and a border wall. Economic nationalism is a variant of nationalism that prioritizes a nation-state's economic independence. Nationalism has a strong association with limited government, individual liberty, and national cohesion,[1][2] and it frequently serves as a force for national unity and against identity politics and racism.[3] Nationalism and patriotism are near synonyms, though Marxists, communists, and globalists all have tried to redefine the terms as opposites.[4] Nationalism and imperialism, however, are not synonymous and differ in important respects.[5]

Lack of nationalism, or a desire for new nations, was a cause for the split of countries such as Yugoslavia and Austria-Hungary. It can be considered positive, as a form of patriotism,[1][6][7][8] but it can also go to extremes, leading to hatred of non-members of the nation (which is often ethnically defined) and violence. Examples of this negative nationalism are the Nazi Party in Germany (although it should be noted that the propaganda minister for the Nazis, Joseph Goebbels, when describing the Nazis as being of the German Left, said "we despise bourgeois nationalism."), the ethnic conflict in the former Yugoslavia, and the current isolationist policies of North Korea. The latter version, in particular, Nazi Germany, also led to nationalism being demonized to the extent that even having any pride for a country is considered evil, and the former was also considered bad due to the idea that nationalism causes wars. This interpretation was generally pushed by globalists and post-modernists, and adherents of the Idea of Progress. Liberals and "Progressives" strongly oppose nationalism,[9][10] and they falsely associate it with fascism and claim it was the cause of World War I.[11] According to economist Dr. Samuel Gregg, the rise of nationalism in the 21st century has nothing to do with "racism" or "xenophobia," but rather citizens reasserting the concepts of the nation-state and national sovereignty in the face of collectivism and supranational unions.[12]

Jean Jacques Rousseau and Johann Gottfried Herder were two of the main nationalist theorists (although the former was closer to jingoist).

See also

Further reading

  • Hazony, Yoram (2018). The Virtue of Nationalism. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 9781541645370.
  • Lowry, Rich (2019). The Case for Nationalism: How It Made Us Powerful, United, and Free. New York: Broadside Books. ISBN 9780062839640.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Hazony, Yoram (August 24, 2018). The Liberty of Nations. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  2. Multiple references:
  3. Kraychik, Robert (February 25, 2019). ‘American First’ Activist: ‘You Are No More Mexican Than I Am African’. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 25, 2019.
  4. Gregor, A. James (November 18, 2018). Gregor: The False Dichotomy of Nationalism Versus Patriotism. Breitbart News. Retrieved November 18, 2018.
  5. Pipes, Daniel (August 2, 2019). 'Yes to nationalism, no to imperialism'. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
  6. Pinkerton, James P. (September 16, 2018). Pinkerton: ‘The Nationalist Revival’ — a Progressive Defends the Deplorables. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 17, 2018.
    See also:
  7. Fonte, John (September 13, 2019). In Defense of Nations. National Review. Retrieved January 13, 2019.
  8. DeMuth, Christopher (July 19, 2019). America’s Nationalist Awakening. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 21, 2019.
  9. Hayward, John (June 17, 2016). Progressives’ Hatred of Nationalism Pushes US Towards the End of Sovereignty. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 25, 2018.
  10. Cortes, Steve (October 29, 2018). After Pittsburgh, Unfair Attacks on American Nationalism. RealClearPolitics. Retrieved October 30, 2018.
  11. Multiple references:
  12. Williams, Thomas D. (October 22, 2018). Report: Nationalism Does Not Mean Xenophobia, but an Antidote to Globalism. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 22, 2018.