Last modified on July 11, 2022, at 18:53

New Deal Bibliography

New Deal Bibliography is an annotated listing of the most important scholarly books and articles on the New Deal, and related topics regarding the U.S. during the Great Depression of the 1930s.
The New Deal created dozens of Alphabet agencies

See also


  • Alter, Jonathan. The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope (2006), popular account
  • Badger, Anthony J. The New Deal: The Depression Years, 1933-1940. (2002) general survey from British perspective
  • Chafe, William H. The Achievement of American Liberalism: The New Deal and Its Legacies. (2002) online edition
  • Conkin, Paul K. The New Deal. (1967), a brief New Left critique.
  • Dubofsky, Melvyn, ed. The New Deal: Conflicting Interpretations and Shifting Perspectives. (1992), short essays by commentators and scholars
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns. No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II, (1995), major study of the wartime partnership; 768 pages, ISBN 0-684-80448-4 excerpt and text search
  • Graham, Otis L. and Meghan Robinson Wander, eds. Franklin D. Roosevelt: His Life and Times. (1985). Useful encyclopedic reference.
  • Hamby, Alonzo L. For the Survival of Democracy: Franklin Roosevelt and the World Crisis of the 1930s (2004) major interpretation by leading conservative historian excerpt and text search
  • Himmelberg, Robert F. The Great Depression and the New Deal (2001) 185 pp. online edition, readings
  • Kennedy, David M. Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945. (1999), major survey by leading scholar online edition
  • Kirkendall, Richard S. . "The New Deal As Watershed: The Recent Literature," The Journal of American History, Vol. 54, No. 4. (Mar., 1968), pp. 839–852. in JSTOR, historiography
  • Leuchtenberg, William E. Franklin D. Roosevelt and the New Deal, 1932-1940. (1963). The standard interpretive history.
  • McElvaine Robert S. The Great Depression 2nd ed (1993), social history
  • McJimsey, George. The Presidency of Franklin Delano Rooselvelt, 2000. general survey by liberal scholar
  • Milkis, Sidney M. and Jerome M. Mileur, eds. The New Deal and the Triumph of Liberalism (2002)
  • Mitchell, Broadus. Depression Decade: From New Era through New Deal, 1929-1941 (1964), overview of economic history online edition
  • Schlesinger, Arthur M. Jr., The Age of Roosevelt, 3 vols, (1957-1960), the classic narrative history.
  • Sitkoff, Harvard. ed. Fifty Years Later: The New Deal Evaluated. (1984). A friendly liberal evaluation.

Conservative critiques

  • Best, Gary Dean. The Critical Press and the New Deal: The Press Versus Presidential Power, 1933-1938 (1993) looks at conservative papers and magazines online edition
  • Best, Gary Dean. The Retreat from Liberalism: Collectivists versus Progressives in the New Deal Years (2002) criticizes intellectuals who supported FDR
  • Best, Gary Dean. Pride, Prejudice, and Politics: Roosevelt Versus Recovery, 1933-1938 Praeger Publishers. 1991; summarizes newspaper editorials online edition
  • Eden, Robert, ed. New Deal and Its Legacy: Critique and Reappraisal (1989), essays by conservative scholars
  • Flynn, John T. The Roosevelt Myth (1948), former liberal condemns all aspects of FDR
  • Higgs, Robert. Crisis and Leviathan: Critical Episodes in the Growth of American Government (1987), libertarian critique
  • Moley, Raymond. After Seven Years (1939), very important conservative memoir by ex-Brain Truster online edition
  • Powell, Jim FDR's Folly: How Roosevelt and His New Deal Prolonged the Great Depression (2003) sharp attack from a libertarian
  • Rothbard, Murray. America's Great Depression (1963), critique by a libertarian. online edition
  • Shlaes, Amity. The Forgotten Man: A New History of the Great Depression (2007), 480pp, popular history by conservative opponent of New Deal
  • Smiley, Gene. Rethinking the Great Depression (1993) short essay by economist who blames both Hoover and FDR

Other attacks

  • Barnes, Harry Elmer. Perpetual War for Perpetual Peace: A Critical Examination of the Foreign Policy of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Its Aftermath (1953). "revisionist" blames FDR for inciting Japan to attack.
  • Conkin, Paul K. New Deal (1975), critique from the left
  • Russett, Bruce M. No Clear and Present Danger: A Skeptical View of the United States Entry into World War II 2nd ed. excerpt and text search(1997) says US should have let USSR and Germany destroy each other
  • Robinson, Greg. By Order of the President: FDR and the Internment of Japanese Americans (2001) says FDR's racism was primarily to blame.
  • Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. Three New Deals: Reflections on Roosevelt's America, Mussolini's Italy, and Hitler's Germany, 1933-1939 (2006) compares populist and paternalist features excerpt and text search
  • Wyman, David S. The Abandonment Of The Jews: America and the Holocaust Pantheon Books, 1984. Attacks Roosevelt for passive complicity in allowing Holocaust to happen



  • Alter, Jonathan. The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope (2006), popular excerpt and text search
  • Bellush, Bernard. Franklin D. Roosevelt as Governor of New York (1955) online edition
  • Black, Conrad. Franklin Delano Roosevelt: Champion of Freedom, 2003. popular excerpt and text search
  • Burns, James MacGregor. vol 1: Roosevelt" The Lion and the Fox (1956); excerpt and text search vol 1; vol. 2: Roosevelt: Soldier of Freedom 1940-1945 (1970), excerpt and text search vol 2; major interpretive scholarly biography, emphasis on politics; vol 2 is on war years and is online at ACLS e-books
  • Davis, Kenneth S. FDR: The Beckoning of Destiny, 1982-1928 (1972), popular
  • Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous with Destiny (1990), One-volume scholarly biography; covers entire life excerpt and text search 2006 reprint edition
  • Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt (4 vol 1952-73), the most detailed scholarly biography; ends in 1934.
  • Freidel, Frank. Franklin D. Roosevelt: A Rendezvous with Destiny (1990), One-volume scholarly biography; covers entire life excerpt and text search 2006 reprint edition
  • Goodwin, Doris Kearns. No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II (1995), joint biography by scholar excerpt and text search
  • Jenkins, Roy. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (2003) short popular bio from British perspective
  • Lash, Joseph P. Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers (1971), scholarly history of a marriage. online edition
  • Morgan, Ted, FDR: A biography, (1985), a popular biography
  • Smith, Jean Edward. FDR, (2007) 858pp. Most recent scholarly bio.
  • Ward, Geoffrey C. Before The Trumpet: Young Franklin Roosevelt, 1882-1905 (1985); A First Class Temperament: The Emergence of Franklin Roosevelt, (1992), popular bio covers 1905-1932.

Eleanor Roosevelt

  • Beasley, Maurine, et al. eds. The Eleanor Roosevelt Encyclopedia (2001) online edition
  • Cook, Blanche Wiesen. Eleanor Roosevelt, Vol. 1: 1884-1933 (1992) and Eleanor Roosevelt: Volume 2, The Defining Years, 1933-1938 (2000). the standard scholarly biography. excerpt and text search vol 1; excerpt and text search vol 2
  • Lash, Joseph. Eleanor and Franklin: The Story of Their Relationship Based on Eleanor Roosevelt's Private Papers (1971). online edition

Harry Hopkins

  • Adams, Henry Hitch. Harry Hopkins: A Biography (1977)
  • Charles, Searle F. Minister of Relief: Harry Hopkins and the Depression (1963)
  • Hopkins, June. Harry Hopkins: Sudden Hero, Brash Reformer (1999) biography by HH's granddaughter. excerpt and text search
  • McJimsey George T. Harry Hopkins: Ally of the Poor and Defender of Democracy (1987), biography.

Henry Morgenthau

  • Blum, John Morton. From the Morganthau Diaries 3 vol.; Years of Crisis, 1928-1938 (1959); Years of Urgency 1938-1941 (1965); Years of war, 1941-1945 (1967)
    • Roosevelt and Morgenthau : A Revision and Condensation of From the Morgenthau Diaries (1970)

Henry Wallace

  • Culver, John C. and John Hyde. American Dreamer: A Life of Henry A. Wallace (2001) popular
  • Markowitz, Norman D. The Rise and Fall of the People's Century Henry a Wallace and American Liberalism, 1941-48 (1973)
  • Schapsmeier, Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier. Henry A. Wallace: The Agrarian Years, 1910-1940‎ (1968) 327 pages
  • Schapsmeier, Edward L. and Frederick H. Schapsmeier. Prophet in politics: Henry A. Wallace and the war years, 1940-1965‎ (1971) 268 pages

Foreign Policy and World War II

  • Beschloss, Michael R. The Conquerors: Roosevelt, Truman and the Destruction of Hitler's Germany, 1941-1945 (2002). excerpt and text search
  • Burns, James MacGregor. Roosevelt: Soldier of Freedom (1970), vol 2 covers the war years. online at ACLS e-books
  • Casey, Steven. Cautious Crusade: Franklin D. Roosevelt, American Public Opinion, and the War against Nazi Germany (2001) excerpt and text search
  • Cole, Wayne S. "American Entry into World War II: A Historiographical Appraisal," The Mississippi Valley Historical Review, Vol. 43, No. 4. (Mar., 1957), pp. 595–617. in JSTOR
  • Dallek, Robert. Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy, 1932-1945 (2nd ed. 1995) scholarly survey of foreign policy excerpt and text search
  • Heinrichs, Waldo. Threshold of War. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and American Entry into World War II (1988). excerpt and text search
  • Kimball, Warren. The Juggler: Franklin Roosevelt as World Statesman (1991)
  • Langer, William and S. Everett Gleason. The Challenge to Isolation, 1937-1940 (1952). The Undeclared War, 1940-1941 (1953) online edition. highly influential two-volume semi-official history
  • Larrabee, Eric. Commander in Chief: Franklin Delano Roosevelt, His Lieutenants, and Their War. History of how FDR handled the war excerpt and text search
  • Schmitz, David F., and Richard D. Challener, eds. Appeasement in Europe: A Reassessment of U.S. Policies Greenwood Press, 1990 online edition
  • Sherwood, Robert E. Roosevelt and Hopkins: an intimate history, 1950; Pulitzer prize; online at ACLS e-books
  • Weinberg, Gerhard L. A World at Arms: A Global History of World War II (1994). Overall history of the war; strong on diplomacy of FDR and other main leaders online at ACLS e-books
  • Woods, Randall Bennett. A Changing of the Guard: Anglo-American Relations, 1941-1946 (1990) excerpt and text search

Politics and economy

  • Allswang, John. The New Deal and American Politics (1978), statistical voting analysis
  • Bernstein, Barton J. "The New Deal: The Conservative Achievements of Liberal Reform." In Barton J. Bernstein, ed., Towards a New Past: Dissenting Essays in American History, pp. 263–88. (1968), an influential New Left attack on the New Deal.
  • Bernstein, Irving. Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, 1933-1941 (1970), covers labor unions
  • Braeman, John, Robert H. Bremner, and David Brody, eds. The New Deal: The National Level. 1975. online edition
  • Brinkley, Alan. The End Of Reform: New Deal Liberalism in Recession and War. (1995) what happened after 1937
  • Burns, Helen M. The American Banking Community and New Deal Banking Reforms, 1933-1935 (1974) online edition
  • Cushman, Barry. Rethinking the New Deal Court: The Structure of a Constitutional Revolution (1998) online edition
  • Ekirch Jr., Arthur A. Ideologies and Utopias: The Impact of the New Deal on American Thought (1971) online edition
  • Fraser, Steve and Gary Gerstle, eds., The Rise and Fall of the New Deal Order, (1989), essays focused on the long-term results.
  • Garraty, John A. "The New Deal, National Socialism, and the Great Depression," American Historical Review, 78, 4 (1973), pp. 907–44. in JSTOR
  • Gordon, Colin. New Deals: Business, Labor, and Politics, 1920-1935 (1994)
  • Hawley, Ellis W. The New Deal and the Problem of Monopoly (1966)
  • Ladd, Everett Carll and Charles D. Hadley. Transformations of the American Party System: Political Coalitions from the New Deal to the 1970s (1975), voting behavior online edition
  • Leff, Mark H. The Limits of Symbolic Reform: The New Deal and Taxation (1984)
  • Leuchtenburg, William E. In the Shadow of FDR: From Harry Truman (2001), his long-term influence
  • Lindley, Betty Grimes and Ernest K. Lindley. A New Deal for Youth: The Story of the National Youth Administration (1938)
  • Lowitt, Richard. The New Deal and the West (1984).
  • Manza; Jeff. "Political Sociological Models of the U.S. New Deal" Annual Review of Sociology: 2000, 26 (2000): 297-322.
  • Mathews, Jane De Hart. "Arts and the People: The New Deal Quest for a Cultural Democracy," Journal of American History 62 (1975): 316-39, in JSTOR
  • Malamud; Deborah C. "'Who They Are - or Were': Middle-Class Welfare in the Early New Deal" University of Pennsylvania Law Review v 151 #6 2003. pp 2019+. online edition
  • Parmet, Herbert S. and Marie B. Hecht; Never Again: A President Runs for a Third Term (1968) on 1940 election online edition
  • Parker, Randall E. Reflections on the Great Depression (2002) interviews with 11 leading economists
  • Pietrusza, David, 1932: The Rise of Hitler & FDR: Two Tales of Politics, Betrayal and Unlikely Destiny (2015)
  • Pietrusza, David. Roosevelt Sweeps Nation: FDR’s 1936 Landslide and the Triumph of the Liberal Ideal (2022)
  • Ritchie, Donald A. Electing FDR: The New Deal Campaign of 1932 (2007) excerpt and text search
  • Rosenof, Theodore. Economics in the Long Run: New Deal Theorists and Their Legacies, 1933-1993 (1997)
  • Rosen, Elliot A. Roosevelt, the Great Depression, and the Economics of Recovery (2005) argues productivity gains were more responsible for long-term recovery than New Deal
  • Saloutos, Theodore. The American Farmer and the New Deal (1982).
  • Savage, James D. Balanced Budgets & American Politics. Cornell University Press. 1988.
  • Sitkoff, Harvard. A New Deal for Blacks (1978).
  • Skocpol, Theda, and Kenneth Finegold. "State Capacity and Economic Intervention in the Early New Deal." Political Science Quarterly 97 (1982): 255-78. Online at JSTOR .
  • Skocpol, Theda, and Kenneth Finegold. "Explaining New Deal Labor Policy" American Political Science Review (1990) 84:1297-1304 online at JSTOR
  • Vittoz, Stanley. New Deal Labor Policy and the American Industrial Economy 1987 online edition
  • Ware, Susan. Beyond Suffrage: Women and the New Deal (1981)
  • Wecter, Dixon. The Age of the Great Depression, 1929-1941 (1948), social history
  • Zelizer; Julian E. "The Forgotten Legacy of the New Deal: Fiscal Conservatism and the Roosevelt Administration, 1933-1938" Presidential Studies Quarterly . V. 30#2 pp: 331+. (2000)

Unemployment and Relief

  • Blumberg Barbara. The New Deal and the Unemployed: The View from New York City (1977).
  • Bremer William W. "Along the American Way: The New Deal's Work Relief Programs for the Unemployed." Journal of American History 62 (December 1975): 636-652. online at JSTOR
  • Brock William R. Welfare, Democracy and the New Deal (1988), a British view
  • Charles, Searle F. Minister of Relief: Harry Hopkins and the Depression (1963)
  • Hopkins, June. "The road not taken: Harry Hopkins and New Deal Work Relief." Presidential Studies Quarterly 29, 2(306-316). online edition
  • Howard, Donald S. The WPA and Federal Relief Policy (1943) online edition
  • Jensen, Richard J. "The Causes and Cures of Unemployment in the Great Depression," Journal of Interdisciplinary History 19 (1989) 553-83. [;2-Tonline at JSTOR]
  • McKinzie, Richard. The New Deal for Artists (1984), well illustrated scholarly study
  • Meriam; Lewis. Relief and Social Security The Brookings Institution. (1946). Highly detailed analysis and statistical summary of all New Deal relief programs; 900 pages

online edition

  • Sautter, Udo. Three Cheers for the Unemployed: Government and Unemployment before the New Deal (1992)
  • Singleton, Jeff. The American Dole: Unemployment Relief and the Welfare State in the Great Depression (2000) online editionexcerpt and text search
  • Smith, Jason Scott. Building New Deal Liberalism: The Political Economy of Public Works, 1933-1956 (2005). excerpt and text search
  • Sternsher, Bernard. Rexford Tugwell and the New Deal (1964) online edition
  • Szalay, Michael. New Deal Modernism: American Literature and the Invention of the Welfare State (2000)
  • Watkins, T. H. The Hungry Years: A Narrative History of the Great Depression in America (2000) excerpt and text search
  • Williams; Edward Ainsworth Federal Aid for Relief (1939) online edition

State and local studies

  • Abrams, Douglas Carl. Conservative Constraints: North Carolina and the New Deal (1992) online edition
  • Argersinger, Jo Ann., Toward a New Deal in Baltimore: People and Government in the Great Depression (1988) online edition
  • Badger, Anthony J. Prosperity Road: The New Deal, Tobacco, and North Carolina (1980)online edition
  • Cobb, James C., and Michael V. Namorato, eds. The New Deal and the South: Essays (1984) online edition
  • Blumberg Barbara. The New Deal and the Unemployed: The View from New York City (1977).
  • Grant, Michael Johnston. Down and Out on the Family Farm: Rural Rehabilitation in the Great Plains, 1929-1945 (2002)
  • Ingalls, Robert P. Herbert H. Lehman and New York's Little New Deal (1975) online edition
  • Patterson, James T. The New Deal and the States: Federalism in Transition (1969).
  • Sternsher, Bernard ed., Hitting Home: The Great Depression in Town and Country (1970), essays by scholars on local history
  • Tindall George B. The Emergence of the New South, 1915-1945 (1967). survey of entire South
  • Trout Charles H. Boston, the Great Depression, and the New Deal (1977)

Primary sources

  • U.S. Bureau of the Census. Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1946 (1947) online
  • Bureau of the Census, Historical Statistics of the United States: Colonial Times to 1970 (1976)
  • Butler, Susan, ed. My Dear Mr. Stalin: The Complete Correspondence of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph V. Stalin (2006) excerpt and text search
  • Cantril, Hadley and Mildred Strunk, eds. Public Opinion, 1935-1946 (1951), massive compilation of many public opinion polls from USA online edition
  • Carter, Susan B. et al. eds. The Historical Statistics of the United States (6 vol: Cambridge UP, 2006); huge compilation of statistical data; online at some universities
  • Gallup, George Horace, ed. The Gallup Poll: Public Opinion, 1935-1971 3 vol (1972) summarizes results of each poll as reported to newspapers.
  • Loewenheim, Francis L. et al., eds; Roosevelt and Churchill: Their Secret Wartime Correspondence (1975)
  • Lowitt, Richard and Beardsley Maurice, eds. One Third of a Nation: Lorena Hickock Reports on the Great Depression (1981)
  • McElvaine, Robert S. Down & out in the Great Depression: Letters from the "Forgotten Man" (1983); letters to Harry Hopkins; online edition
  • Moley, Raymond. After Seven Years (1939), memoir by key Brain Truster written after he became a leading conservative online edition
  • Nixon, Edgar B. ed. Franklin D. Roosevelt and Foreign Affairs (3 vol 1969), covers 1933-37. 2nd series 1937-39 available on microfiche and in a 14 vol print edition at some academic libraries.
  • Roosevelt, Franklin D.; Rosenman, Samuel Irving, ed. The Public Papers and Addresses of Franklin D. Roosevelt (13 vol, 1938, 1945); public material only (no letters); covers 1928-1945.
  • Zevin, B. D. ed.; Nothing to Fear: The Selected Addresses of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 1932-1945 (1946) selected speeches
  • Zinn, Howard, ed. New Deal Thought (1966), a compilation of primary sources.
  • Documentary History of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Administration 20 vol. available in some large academic libraries.