Newman Centers, also called Newman Houses, Newman Clubs, or Newman Communities, are Roman Catholic ministry centers at non-Catholic universities found throughout the world. The establishment of this movement was inspired by the writings of Cardinal John Henry Newman encouraging societies for Catholic students attending secular universities, confronted by an anti-Christian, anti-Catholic, and anti-religious secular intellectual atmosphere. The centers provide pastoral services and ministries to their Catholic communities, in particular to the Roman Catholic student population within the universities. However, since these centers are located on university campuses, Christians of other denominations often come and participate as well. They provide ready access to a multitude of informational resources defending the literal physical resurrection of Jesus Christ, and the reasonableness of Christian faith and critical research establishing the reliability of the Bible.