The Oslo Accords were the culmination of a series of negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians. The accords allowed for the eventual creation of a Palestinian state, but in return the Palestinians gave up the right of return for "refugees" as well as any hope of reclaiming any Israeli land that they believed they had rights to.
The Declaration of Principles (DOP), also known as the Oslo Accords, were approved in 1993 with Yassir Arafat signing for the Palestine Liberation Organization and Shimon Peres signing for Israel. The accords required Israel to withdraw from parts of the Gaza Strip and West Bank and recognize a new Palestinian Authority. More controversial issues concerning Jerusalem, refugees, Israeli settlements and borders were left undecided.
Arafat agreed to revise the Palestine Liberation Organization covenant which had called for “the liquidation of the Zionist presence”. However, in a speech given to the Palestine Legislative Council he justified this step by referring to Muhammad’s Treaty of Hudaybiyah with the Koresh tribe. This peace pact was used by Muhammad to muster enough military strength to conquer the Koresh who would surrender without a single fight.
Extremists on both sides of the Israel-Arab question were not satisfied with the accords. Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated by a Zionist extremist for giving up Judea and Samaria, and Yasser Arafat lost much of his support for recognizing the right of Israel to exist.
- Deeb, Dennis J. The Collapse of Middle East Peace: The Rise & Fall of the Oslo Peace Accords (2003) excerpt and text search
- Tucker, Spencer C., ed. The Encyclopedia of the Arab-Israeli Conflict A Political, Social, and Military History (4 vol. 2008)