Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act
The Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act prohibits abortion when a pregnancy past 20 weeks of a pregnancy (about 1.5 trimesters). It is based on the medical evidence that unborn children experience pain at that age.
This approach is promoted by National Right to Life Committee and has passed in six states: Alabama, Georgia, Kansas, Idaho, Nebraska, and Oklahoma. It affects relatively few abortions. This approach is similar to the ban on partial-birth abortion, which affected only a tiny percentage of abortions. Indeed, the abortion rate increased after the partial-birth abortion ban becamse effective.
Unlike this approach, there is very effective pro-life legislation that is proven to reduce abortion, such as the 30-mile rule, defunding Planned Parenthood, establishing private causes of action for victims of abortion, and meaningful sonogram laws.