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República Portuguesa
Portugal rel82.jpg
Flag of Portugal.png
Arms of Portugal.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Lisbon
Government Parliamentary Democracy
Language Portuguese (official)
President Aníbal Cavaco Silva
Prime minister José Sócrates
Area 35,580 sq mi
Population 10,848,692(2007)
GDP per capita $23,464 (2006)
Currency euro

Portugal is a european nation in the Iberian Peninsula, with land borders with Spain. Its capital is Lisbon.

In the 16th century, it explored and colonised large areas, including Brazil, Angola, Mozambique, parts of India, Timor, Cape Verde, and others. It lost much of it's power when Lisbon was destroyed in an earthquake in 1755, and it was occupied in the Napoleonic Wars. In 1910 a revolution deposed the monarchy; but repressive nationalistic government would rule for most of the next six decades. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the European Union) in 1986.[1]

Portugal has an area of 92,391 square kilometers and a population of 10,642,836 (2007 estimate).


  1. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/po.html CIA Factbook