Difference between revisions of "Project Mercury"
(categorize as Space Race)
m (→Mercury Missions: link to de-orphan)
|Line 28:||Line 28:|
| Little Joe 6
| Little Joe 6
| Test of Mercury capsule aerodynamics and stability.
| Test of Mercury capsule aerodynamicsand stability.
| October 4th, 1959
| October 4th, 1959
Revision as of 18:08, 11 February 2009United States' first human-in-space program. The objectives of the program, which made six manned flights from 1961 to 1963, were to orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth, to investigate human ability to function in space, and to recover both man and spacecraft safely. Project Mercury was a success and led to Project Gemini.
The Mercury Seven
The Mercury Seven were the original seven astronauts designated to fly in Project Mercury. They were M. Scott Carpenter, L. Gordon Cooper, John Glenn, Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Walter "Wally" Schirra, Alan Shepard, and Donald "Deke" Slayton. Selected for their performance in the Air Force, several of these pioneer astronauts (including Wally Schirra) flew in all NASA rocket spacecraft - from Mercury to Gemini to Apollo.
The successful mission of Apollo 11 could not have been conducted without their efforts, for which one (Gus Grissom) gave his life in the Apollo 1 tragedy, alongside fellow astronauts Ed White and Roger Chaffee.
|Project Mercury Designation||Mission||Mission Date||Notes/Pilot name|
|Mercury-Jupiter||Test of Jupiter missile.||Cancelled|
|Little Joe 1||Test of launch escape system during flight.||August 21st, 1959|
|Big Joe 1||Test of heat shield and Atlas rocket.||September 9th, 1959|
|Little Joe 6||Test of Mercury capsule aerodynamics and stability.||October 4th, 1959|
|Little Joe 1A||Second test of launch escape system during flight.||November 4th, 1959|
|Little Joe 2||Carried a monkey 52.8 miles in altitude.||December 4th, 1959|
|Little Joe 1B||Carried a monkey 9.3 miles in altitude||January 21st, 1960|
|Beach Abort||Test of the Off-The-Pad abort system.||May 9th, 1960|
|Mercury-Atlas 1||First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket.||July 29th, 1960|
|Little Joe 5||First flight of a standard Mercury capsule.||November 8th, 1960|
|Mercury-Redstone 1||First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Redstone rocket. (Failure)||November 21st, 1960||The "Popped Cork" Incident|
|Mercury-Redstone 1A||First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Redstone rocket.||December 19th, 1960|
|Mercury-Redstone 2||Carried a chimpanzee 129.8 miles in altitude.||January 31st, 1961|
|Mercury-Atlas 2||Second test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket.||February 21st, 1961|
|Little Joe 5A||Third test of the launch escape system.||March 18th, 1961|
|Mercury-Redstone BD||Redstone rocket upgrade test flight.||March 24th, 1961|
|Mercury-Atlas 3||Third test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket.||April 25th, 1961|
|Little Joe 5B||Fourth test of the launch escape system.||April 28th, 1961|
|Mercury-Atlas 4||First orbital spaceflight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket.||September 13th, 1961|
|Mercury-Scout 1||Test of Mercury tracking network. (Failure)||November 1st, 1961|
|Mercury-Redstone 3||Carried first American to make a suborbital flight into space.||May 5th, 1961||Alan Shepard|
|Mercury-Redstone 4||Carried second American to make a suborbital flight into space.||July 21st, 1961||Virgil I. Grissom|
|Mercury-Atlas 6||Carried first American to orbit the Earth.||February 20th, 1962||John Glenn|
|Mercury-Atlas 7||Manned spaceflight-3 orbits.||May 24th, 1962||Scott Carpenter|
|Mercury-Atlas 8||Manned spaceflight-6 orbits.||October 3rd, 1962||Walter Schirra|
|Mercury Atlas 9||Carried first American in space for over a day and last American to fly alone in Earth orbit.||May 15th-May 16th, 1963||Gordon Cooper|
|Mercury 10||3 day manned spaceflight mission.||Cancelled|
Donald K. Slayton did not fly a Mercury mission. The flight surgeons grounded him for nearly a decade and a half after finding that he suffered from an occasional dysrhythmia of the heart. The other six astronauts then recommended to NASA administration that the astronaut corps should have a permanent chief, chosen among their number, and chose Slayton to fill that position. Slayton was the only chief that the astronaut corps ever had. He would finally fly the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project mission in 1975, the last mission flown with Project Apollo hardware.