Project Mercury

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Started in 1958 and completed in 1963, Project Mercury was the United States' first human-in-space program. The objectives of the program, which made six manned flights from 1961 to 1963, were to orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth, to investigate human ability to function in space, and to recover both man and spacecraft safely. Project Mercury was a success and led to Project Gemini.

Project Mercury Designation Mission Mission Date
Mercury-Jupiter Test of Jupiter missile. Cancelled
Little Joe 1 Test of launch escape system during flight. August 21st, 1959
Big Joe 1 Test of heat shield and Atlas rocket. September 9th, 1959
Little Joe 6 Test of Mercury capsule aerodynamics and stability. October 4th, 1959
Little Joe 1A Second test of launch escape system during flight. November 4th, 1959
Little Joe 2 Carried a monkey 52.8 miles in altitude. December 4th, 1959
Little Joe 1B Carried a monkey 9.3 miles in altitude January 21st, 1960
Beach Abort Test of the Off-The-Pad abort system. May 9th, 1960
Mercury-Atlas 1 First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket. July 29th, 1960
Little Joe 5 First flight of a standard Mercury capsule. November 8th, 1960
Mercury-Redstone 1 First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Redstone rocket. (Failure) November 21st, 1960
Mercury-Redstone 1A First test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Redstone rocket. December 19th, 1960
Mercury-Redstone 2 Carried a chimpanzee 129.8 miles in altitude. January 31st, 1961
Mercury-Atlas 2 Second test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket. February 21st, 1961
Little Joe 5A Third test of the launch escape system. March 18th, 1961
Mercury-Redstone BD Redstone rocket upgrade test flight. March 24th, 1961
Mercury-Atlas 3 Third test flight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket. April 25th, 1961
Little Joe 5B Fourth test of the launch escape system. April 28th, 1961
Mercury-Atlas 4 First orbital spaceflight of Mercury spacecraft and Atlas rocket. September 13th, 1961
Mercury-Scout 1 Test of Mercury tracking network. (Failure) November 1st, 1961
Mercury-Redstone 3 Carried first American to make a suborbital flight into space. May 5th, 1961
Mercury-Redstone 4 Carried second American to make a suborbital flight into space. July 21st, 1961
Mercury-Atlas 6 Carried first American to orbit the Earth. February 20th, 1962
Mercury-Atlas 7 Manned spaceflight-3 orbits. May 24th, 1962
Mercury-Atlas 8 Manned spaceflight-6 orbits. October 3rd, 1962
Mercury Atlas 9 Carried first American in space for over a day and last American to fly alone in Earth orbit. May 15th-May 16th, 1963
Mercury 10 3 day manned spaceflight mission. Cancelled