Difference between revisions of "Public schools in the United States"

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== Prominent Americans who were educated at public schools ==
 
== Prominent Americans who were educated at public schools ==
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Given that [[public schools]] educate about 90% of Americans, it is astounding how few prominent [[Americans]] attended [[public school]] after the banning of school prayer in 1962.  Nearly all the examples of prominent [[Americans]] who attended public school predate 1962 in their attendance:
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*Ronald Reagan<ref>http://www.dixonil.com/reagan/reagan2.htm</ref> graduated from Dixon High School, Illinios
 
*Ronald Reagan<ref>http://www.dixonil.com/reagan/reagan2.htm</ref> graduated from Dixon High School, Illinios
 
*Dwight D. Eisenhower<ref>http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/press_releases/2007/PR07_11_August_02_2007_Eisenhower_Co_Sponsor_Little_Rock.pdf</ref> attended Abilene High School in Abilene, Kansas
 
*Dwight D. Eisenhower<ref>http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/press_releases/2007/PR07_11_August_02_2007_Eisenhower_Co_Sponsor_Little_Rock.pdf</ref> attended Abilene High School in Abilene, Kansas

Revision as of 17:58, January 1, 2008

Public schools are atheistic government institutions that employ 3 million workers, train 50 million students, and offer diplomas to the students who complete the 12th grade. Spoken prayer and the Ten Commandments are expressly forbidden in public schools classrooms, and teaching of morality is implicitly disfavored.

History

In 1647, Massachusetts Puritans enacted the second law, after Scotland in 1616,[1] establishing universal public schools in the English-speaking world to block the attempts by "ould deluder Satan to keepe men from the whole knowledge of the Scriptures".[2] Each settlement larger than 50 families was required to pay a schoolmaster to teach reading, writing and religious doctrine to the children in the community. Beginning in 1670, Massachusetts provided tax funding for school maintenance. This model was then copied throughout the colonies, and even throughout the world.

Many children did not attend public school for the first two centuries. It was not until 1852 that Massachusetts became the first state to require attendance by students aged 6 through 16, and it was not until 1918 that all states had compulsory attendance laws. High schools did not generally exist until after the Civil War, and kindergarten did not exist until it was created in St. Louis in 1873.

Student Prayer in Public Schools

The White House announced the release of Revised Religious Guidelines for America's Public Schools on May 29, 1998. Within this announcement, President Clinton stated, "Nothing in the First Amendment converts our public schools into religion-free zones, or requires all religious expression to be left behind at the school house door." --President Clinton, July 12, 1995[3]

In 2003, the Education Department released the following guidelines that clarified and added requirements to Public Schools to ensure the religious rights of students.[4]

Schools that don’t allow students to pray outside the classroom or that prohibit teachers from holding religious meetings among themselves could lose federal money, the Education Department said late last week.

The guidance reflects the Bush administration’s push to ensure that schools give teachers and students as much freedom to pray as the courts have allowed. The department makes clear that teachers cannot pray with students or attempt to shape their religious views. The instructions, released by the department on Feb. 7, broadly follow the same direction given by the Clinton administration and the courts. Prayer is generally allowed provided it happens outside the class and is initiated by students, not by school officials.

The department, however, also offered some significant additions, including more details on such contentious matters as moments of silence and prayer in student assemblies. And for the first time, federal funds are tied to compliance with the guidelines. The burden is on schools to prove compliance through a yearly report.

Prominent Americans who were educated at public schools

Given that public schools educate about 90% of Americans, it is astounding how few prominent Americans attended public school after the banning of school prayer in 1962. Nearly all the examples of prominent Americans who attended public school predate 1962 in their attendance:

  • Ronald Reagan[5] graduated from Dixon High School, Illinios
  • Dwight D. Eisenhower[6] attended Abilene High School in Abilene, Kansas
  • Richard M. Nixon[7] attended Fullerton and Whittier High Schools, California
  • William J. Clinton[8] attended Hot Springs High School, Arkansas
  • Gerald Ford[9] attended Grand Rapids South High School, Michigan
  • Lyndon B. Johnson[10] attended Johnson City High School, Texas
  • Harry S Truman[11] attended Independence High School, Missouri
  • H. Ross Perot[12] attended public schools and Texarkana Junior College, Texas
  • Richard Cheney[13] graduated from Natrona County High School in Casper, Wyoming.
  • Colin Powell graduated from Morris High School, NY in 1954 and received his B.A. in geology from the City College of New York in 1958 [14]
  • Billy Graham graduated from Sharon High School, NC in May 1936[15]
  • Rush Limbaugh graduated from Central High School, MO in 1969 and attended Southeast Missouri State University for two semesters [16]
  • Michael Medved graduated from Palisades High School, CA [17]
  • The Wright Brothers attended public schools in Richmond, India and Dayton OH but did not graduate [18]

References

  1. The Social, Economic & Political Reasons for the Decline of Gaelic in Scotland [1]
  2. Family Encyclopedia of American History (Reader's Digest 1975)
  3. http://www.ed.gov/PressReleases/05-1998/wh-0530.html
  4. http://www.freedomforum.org/templates/document.asp?documentID=17550
  5. http://www.dixonil.com/reagan/reagan2.htm
  6. http://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/press_releases/2007/PR07_11_August_02_2007_Eisenhower_Co_Sponsor_Little_Rock.pdf
  7. http://www.nndb.com/edu/836/000068632/
  8. http://www.hotsprings.org/things_to_do/historic_hotsprings/presidents_hometown.asp
  9. http://www.visitgrandrapids.org/ford-facts.php
  10. http://www.nndb.com/people/062/000023990/
  11. http://www.nps.gov/nr/twhp/wwwlps/lessons/103truman/103visual1.htm
  12. http://www.famoustexans.com/rossperot.htm
  13. http://www.nndb.com/people/598/000022532/
  14. http://gale.cengage.com/free_resources/bhm/bio/powell_c.htm
  15. http://online-bibleconcordance.com/Ministers/BillyGraham.aspx
  16. http://www.phillytalkradio.com/shows/show.php?show_id=limb
  17. michaelmedved.townhall.com/About.aspx
  18. http://www.kyrene.org/schools/brisas/sunda/inventor/wright/index.html