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The State of Qatar is a sheikdom on a peninsula on the west coast of the Persian Gulf, with a population of over 900,000, although one quarter of that population are foreign workers and their family. The official language is Arabic and the capital is Doha. English is a commonly used second lanugage.

The country became a British Protectorate in 1916 and enjoyed British rule until September 3, 1971, when it was granted status as a sovereign independent state.

The chief source of revenue is oil and gas, and approximately 60% of the total GDP. Qatar's has proven natural gas reserves are 25 trillion cubic meters, more than 5% of the world total and third largest in the world. Qatar has permitted substantial foreign investment in the development of its gas fields during the last decade and is expected to become the world's top liquefied natural gas (LNG) exporter in 2007. The North Dome gas field is the world's largest gas discoverey. Per capita income according to the CIA Factbook is the 25th in the world, but foreign workers are not entitled to all of the wealth of nation, factoring them out, the per capital income rises to the seventh highest in the world, behind Denmark and ahead of the United States.[1]

Qatar is home to the Al Jazeera news network.


  1. CIA - The World Factbook - Qatar [1]