Ramses II was a very long-lived pharaoh of the Egyptian kingdom being on the thrown from 1290 to 1224 B.C. and the last ruler of the New Kingdom. He was the son of Seti I. He reached an accommodation with the Hittites of Anatolia after a standoff in the Battle of Kadesh in Syria. He built on a grand scale throughout Egypt. As he continued to rule well into old age and not die, the people began to believe he was immortal. Modern examination of his body shows that he must have suffered greatly in old age due to a number of ailments.
The Earth and Its Peoples A Global History, Bulliet et al, 2005.