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Caspar David Friedrich, The wanderer above the sea of fog (1818)

Romanticism was an innovative artistic, musical, and literary movement in the early 1800s which emphasized feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for religious values. Romanticism was against elements of the Enlightenment that emphasized rationalism at the expense of human emotion and imagination. In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, nationalism, freedom, and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature.

American literature typifying this era include Herman Melville's Moby Dick, Edgar Allan Poe's writings, and the additional American writers Ralph Waldo Emerson, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Henry David Thoreau, and Walt Whitman; writer Victor Hugo led this movement in Europe with his works readable by the common man.

The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as America and Canada also had Romantic art movements.

Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) was perhaps the most important of the French Romantic painters; in English literature, the Romantic movement was started by Lyrical Ballads (1798), poems co-authored by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

La Favorita by Antonio Fabrés y Costa.

Chassériau Othello and Desdemona in Venice.jpg

John William Waterhouse's The Lady of Shalott, 1888.

Chassériau, Othello and Desdemona in Venice.

Key Artists

Philippe Jacques De Loutherbourg, The Falls of the Rhine at Schaffhausen, 1788.
Adrian Ludwig Richter, Genoveva in the Forest Seclusion, 1841.

Key Authors

In Literature

Literary romanticism was characterized by a series of details. It evoked the past heavily and put a great emphasis on women and children, mostly because of their purity. It wasn't associated to carnal love, as in lust, but a romantic love that was more idealistic than anything. Romanticism also had a strong nationalist sense, as can be found in Goethe's works.

See also

External links