Saint

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A saint is believed to be a person who has been recognized by the Catholic Church or the Orthodox Church as doing great works or making a great personal sacrifice for the Christian church.

In reality anyone who has made it to heaven is a saint. Persons recognized as saints must first be beatified (After which the deceased person is given the title 'Blessed') and then canonized by the Pope. Usually a person is canonized if at least three miracles have been performed by them through lay people asking the deceased to intercede with God on their behalf. These miracles must be thoroughly investigated by church authorities and declared valid before canonization.

In Catholic and Orthodox doctrine, saints are believed to be able to intercede on behalf of mankind before God.

Martyrs, people who died either for their faith or for another person are recognized as saints immediately, pertaining to what Jesus said; the greatest commandments are to love God with your whole heart and soul and to love your neighbor as yourself.

The Queen of Saints is Mary, the Mother of God or the Blessed Virgin. The feast of All Saints is November 1st precededed by All Hallow's Eve which refers to All Saints Day.

Sources:

Beatification and Canonization, http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/02364b.htm