Second Battle of Springfield

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Second Battle of Springfield

January 8, 1863


Same day


Greene County, Missouri




Marmaduke’s First Expedition into Missouri


Union victory

33 star flag.png
Conf Navy Jack.png

Southwestern District of
Missouri Troops

4th Division, I Corps,
Trans-Mississippi Department


Egbert B. Brown
Brigadier General, USA

John S. Marmaduke
Brigadier General, CSA





Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s expedition into Missouri reached Ozark, where it destroyed the Union post, and then approached Springfield on the morning of January 8, 1863. Springfield was an important Federal communications center and supply depot so the Rebels wished to destroy it. The Union army had constructed fortifications to defend the town. Their ranks, however, were depleted because Francis J. Herron’s two divisions had not yet returned from their victory at Prairie Grove on December 7. After receiving a report on January 7 of the Rebels’ approach, Brig. Gen. Egbert B. Brown set about preparing for the attack and rounding up additional troops. Around 10:00 am, the Confederates advanced in battle line to the attack. The day included desperate fighting with attacks and counterattacks until after dark, but the Federal troops held and the Rebels withdrew during the night. Brown had been wounded during the day. The Confederates appeared in force the next morning but retired without attacking. The Federal depot was successfully defended, and Union strength in the area continued. (NPS summary)