Shah Jahan

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Shah Jahan (1592-1666; reigned 1628-1658) was the fifth Mughal emperor of India; he succeeded hhis father, Jahangir. Shah Jahan presided over a golden period of Mughal culture, and is especially remembered for his architectural monuments, including the Taj Mahal, which he had built as a mausoleum for his wife, the empress Mumtaz Mahal, the Jama Masjid (Friday Mosque) in Delhi and the Red Fort in Delhi. Shah Jahan was ousted from the throne in a rebellion by his son Aurangzeb. Aurangzeb imprisoned his father in the Red Fort at Agra; from the windows of his apartment in the fort Shah Jahan could see the Taj Mahal in the distance. After his death he was entombed at the Taj alongside Mumtaz Mahal.