Silicon Valley is in northern California from San Francisco to San Jose, primarily on the western side of the Bay. The area is home to many Big Tech companies, including Hewlett Packard, Intel, Adobe, Yahoo, Google, Apple, Twitter, Cisco, Oracle, and AMD. The area has a relatively high percentage of atheists among its population, and those having religious views feel uncomfortable speaking out:
|“||Julie Fredrickson, a longtime tech entrepreneur and conservative Christian, tells me she frequently feels her religious beliefs are out of place in the tech world. “I’m confident that discovering I’m a Calvinist would lead to some awkward conversations I don’t necessarily want to have with Silicon Valley folks,” says Fredrickson, CEO of the cosmetics company Stowaway. “People who have actually, very carefully considered belief systems, whether religious or otherwise, don’t always feel safe expressing it.”||”|
Silicon Valley is also a two-tiered society of the haves and the have-nots. It has a large homeless population, and poor people living in rundown trailers camp out along one side of Stanford University, not far from the headquarters of Google. Silicon Valley companies rely extensively on work visas to exploit foreign labor, thereby denying engineering opportunities to Americans.
Silicon Valley is a valley in the geographic sense. The proper name for the valley in which much of Silicon "Valley" resides is the Santa Clara Valley. The largest property owners there are Stanford University, several large Big Tech companies (Apple, Intel, Google, and Cisco), and a few real estate entities. Air quality tends to be poor there, due to encircling hills trapping car exhaust and smoke from frequent wildfires.