Last modified on July 13, 2016, at 19:20

Sinai Peninsula

Sinai Peninsula from space
The Sinai Peninsula is a triangular area of land which is part of north-eastern Egypt. It is bordered by the Suez Canal and rest of Egypt to the west, and by Gaza and Israel to the east. It has a northern shore with the Mediterranean Sea and lies between the two northern arms of the Red Sea - the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba.

The peninsula has been a battleground in the Arab-Israeli wars of the second half of the twentieth century, in 1956 when it was occupied by Israel as a precursor to the Anglo-French intervention in the Suez Crisis, in 1967 when it was occupied by Israel during the Six Day War, and in 1973 when Egyptian forces achieved initial advantage during the Yom Kippur War. Following the Egyptian-Israeli treaty in 1979, Israel evacuated its forces from the peninsula in stages. By 1982 all of Sinai was under Egyptian control.

The oldest monastery in world, St Catherine's, is located on Mount Sinai.

Further information