Difference between revisions of "Singapore"

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(Gave some background of food and tradition in singapore)
(Places of Interest)
 
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|queen         =
 
|queen         =
 
|monarch-raw =
 
|monarch-raw =
|president =Tony Tan Keng Yam
+
|president =Halimah binte Yacob
 
|president-raw =
 
|president-raw =
 
|chancellor =
 
|chancellor =
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|pm-raw         =
 
|pm-raw         =
 
|area         =274 sq mi
 
|area         =274 sq mi
|pop         =5 million
+
|pop         =5.6 million
 
|pop-basis =2010
 
|pop-basis =2010
 
|gdp         =$255,338 billion (2010)
 
|gdp         =$255,338 billion (2010)
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|gdp-pc         =$57,238   
 
|gdp-pc         =$57,238   
 
|currency =Singapore dollar
 
|currency =Singapore dollar
|idd =
+
|idd =+65
|tld            =
+
|tld            =.sg
 
}}
 
}}
 
 
Singapore food
 
 
1. Rice and chicken
 
This dish is just chicken and rice. It  is called a national dish. Sometimes the chicken is steamed. Sometimes people use soy sauce.
 
The next dish is  2. Char kway teow
 
This is Flat rice noodles stir-fried with lard (for best flavor), dark and light soy sauce, chilli, de-shelled cockles, sliced Chinese sausage, bean sprouts,
 
There are more foods such as
 
Chili crab
 
Bak kut teh
 
Sambal stingray
 
Fried Hokkien mee
 
Rojak
 
Bak kwa
 
Economy rice
 
Kway chap
 
There are many more
 
Singapore religions
 
Singapore has many religions. In fact it is one of the most diverse religious countries. The 3 main religions in this country are according to a 2014 count
 
Buddhism,Islam,Christianity and Taoism.
 
Most of the Christians in Singapore are Chinese Christians. These are the main ones but there are others also such as Taoism. In Singapore 33 percent of the population are Bhuddists. Christians make up 18.8 percent of the Singaporean population. Islam is 14 percent.  Taoism and folk religion are 11 percent Hinduism is 5 percent other religions are 0.7 percent such as Sikhism,Judaism,Jainism . Non religious people make up 18.4 percent. The Chinese Muslims in Singapore are 11,176 in number.Malay Muslims make up 497318 people of the whole population. Muslims  from India are75541.Other Muslims are 11,569. Chinese Muslims make up 0.4 percent of the  chinese in Singapore.Malays are 98.7 Muslims in the Malay Singapore population.
 
Indians are 21.7 percent others have 9.2 percent.
 
Singapore languages
 
In Singapore they speak many languages,but there  are 5 official languages.
 
These languages are English,Tamil,Malay Mandarin Chinese and standard Mandarin.
 
. MandarinChinese and standard Mandarin are different because they are spokenby different people. Standard Mandarin is spoken by Chinese and Taiwanese people.
 
Chinese Mandarin is spoken only by Chinese people.English is the main language though. It is used for instructions at school. It is used in their education system.
 
They use British spelling there. English is used in their Government also.
 
Singapore population and people
 
The population in Singapore is 5.399 million  this was a census taken taken in 2013.
 
It has been increasing a lot. In 2012 the population was 5.312 million
 
2011 5.184 million
 
2010 5.077 million
 
2009  4.988 million
 
2008 4.839 million
 
2007 4.589 million
 
2006 4.401 million
 
2005 4.266 million
 
2004  4.167 million
 
2003 4.115 million
 
2002 4.167 million
 
2001 4.138 million
 
2000 4.028 million
 
 
 
 
Traditions
 
 
Singaporeans have many western traditions. In many cultures it is rude to point with the foot even when the object is on the floor. is widely accepted as polite to address people older than oneself as “uncle” or “aunty” even if you don’t know them.
 
They celebrate National day, Good Friday, Deepavali, Hari Raya Puasa, and Vesak Day. On top of the religious public holidays in Singapore.
 
  
 
'''Singapore''' (Malay: ''Singa'' (lion) + ''pura'' (city)) is a city-state and parliamentary republic situated on a group of islands at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula. Its land area is 712 square kilometers. Singapore declared independence from [[Britain]] on 31 August 1963 and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965.
 
'''Singapore''' (Malay: ''Singa'' (lion) + ''pura'' (city)) is a city-state and parliamentary republic situated on a group of islands at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula. Its land area is 712 square kilometers. Singapore declared independence from [[Britain]] on 31 August 1963 and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965.
 
  
 
[[File:Singapur.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Singapore City.]]
 
[[File:Singapur.jpg|thumb|left|200px|Singapore City.]]
Line 88: Line 36:
 
{{Clear}}
 
{{Clear}}
  
== People ==
+
==Geography==
 +
 
 +
==People==
 +
===Population===
 
[[File:Singapore people girls.jpg|thumb|Girls, 2010.]]
 
[[File:Singapore people girls.jpg|thumb|Girls, 2010.]]
Its population of about 5 million people is 76% ethnic [[Chinese]], 14% Malay, 7% Tamil and 3% others. Religions: [[Buddhist]] 42.5%, [[Muslim]] 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, [[Catholic]] 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8%
+
The population of Singapore in June 2019 was of about 5.6 million people,<ref>https://www.singstat.gov.sg/find-data/search-by-theme/population/population-and-population-structure/latest-data</ref> of which 76% are ethnic [[Chinese]], 14% are Malay, 7% are Tamil and 3% are classified as others.
  
 
Urban population: 100% of total population.
 
Urban population: 100% of total population.
  
Population aged 15 years & over who are literate: 95.9%.
+
===Religion===
 +
[[Buddhists]]/Taoists made up 43.2% of the resident population according the General Household Survey 2015.  14.0% were [[Muslims]], 5.0% were [[Hindus]], 18.8% were [[Christians]] and 0.6% of them were from other religions. 18.5% of the population had no religion. These figures had been relatively stable between 2010 and 2015.<ref>https://www.singstat.gov.sg/-/media/files/visualising_data/infographics/ghs/highlights-of-ghs2015.pdf</ref>
  
 
Total SMS messages: 27,714 Million.
 
Total SMS messages: 27,714 Million.
  
 +
=== Language & Literacy===
 
Languages: [[Mandarin]] (official) 35%, [[English]] (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, [[Tamil]] (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
 
Languages: [[Mandarin]] (official) 35%, [[English]] (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, [[Tamil]] (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)
 +
 +
Population aged 15 years & over who are literate (in 2018): 97.2%.<ref>https://www.singstat.gov.sg/find-data/search-by-theme/population/education-language-spoken-and-literacy/latest-data</ref>
 +
 
{{Clear}}
 
{{Clear}}
  
== Government ==
+
==Medieval History==
Chief of state: President Tony Tan Keng Yam (since 1 September 2011)
+
 
 +
==Modern History==
 +
[[Image:Guan Yin Temple, Singapore.jpg|thumb|Guan Yin Temple.]]
 +
 
 +
Singapore was an ignored, swampy island with only a few fishing villages until 1819 when [[Sir Stamford Raffles]] of the British [[East India Company]] was given permission to establish a trading station by the Sultan of Johor.  Raffles had spotted its strategic location as a crossroads on the shipping routes to the East and set about turning the island into a free trading station.<ref>[http://www.visitsingapore.com/publish/stbportal/en/home/about_singapore/brief_history.html] Uniquely Singapore - Brief History</ref> Alongside the British colonial presence it attracted many entrepreneurs from China, India and the Middle East and within 5 years the population rose from 150 to 10,000. In 1824 the British bought the island outright from the Sultan. Following the Anglo-Dutch treaty of 1824, the [[Dutch]], who had largely been the dominant colonial power in south-east Asia, withdrew any objections to the British occupation.
 +
 
 +
The British tended to congregate round the river waterfront and many grand buildings in the Palladian style were built largely with the help of Irish architect George Coleman.<ref>Visitors' Guide to Singapore, 13th Edition, 2006/7, pp.20-21</ref>  With the opening of the [[Suez Canal]] in 1869, the invention of steamships and the laying of long-distance telegraph cables Singapore became increasingly important as a port and trading center. 
 +
 
 +
At the outbreak of [[World War II]], Singapore was regarded as a well-defended base for the Allies in the Far-East.  However, on February 15, 1942 Singapore fell to the [[Japanese]] after six-days of fighting. The occupation of the next three and a half years was brutal with many atrocities and war-crimes being committed. The island was renamed Syonan (Light of the South) until the defeat of Japan.  The occupying forces formally surrendered to the British at the Changi prison-camp in September 1945.
 +
[[File:Lee Kuan Yew.jpg|thumb|left|270px|Lee Kuan Yew, Ex-Prime Minister of Singapore, in office: 5 June 1959 – 28 November 1990.]]
 +
In 1946, Singapore became a British Crown Colony. However, the communist insurgency in Malaya of 1948 put Singapore in a state of emergency for 12 years. There was a rise of nationalism during the 1950s as the merchant classes wanted to have a say in government and in 1959 Singapore was granted self-government under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew. In 1963 Singapore merged with [[Federation of Malaya|Federated Malaya]] and the Borneo states of Sarawak and North Borneo (Sabah) to create Malaysia.  The third Borneo state of Brunei opted for independence. This merger was actively opposed by the neighboring states of Indonesia and the Philippines. ''Singapore was particularly hard hit by the loss of its Indonesian barter trade. Indonesian commandos conducted armed raids into Sabah and Sarawak, and Singaporean fishing boats were seized by Indonesian gunboats. Indonesian terrorists bombed the Ambassador Hotel on September 24, beginning a year of terrorism and propaganda aimed at creating communal unrest in Singapore.'' [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field%28DOCID+sg0033%29 Singapore as Part of Malaysia.] The union did not last long, owing to ideological differences between Lee Kuan Yew's PAP (People's Action Party) and the federal government in Kuala Lumpur.  Singapore was obliged to withdraw and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965. ''Lee declared Singapore a sovereign, democratic, and independent state. In tears he told his audience, "For me, it is a moment of anguish. All my life, my whole adult life, I have believed in merger and unity of the two territories."'' <ref>[http://www.loc.gov Singapore as Part of Malaysia.]</ref>
 +
 
 +
With only a small land mass and limited natural resources Singapore was forced to industrialize and develop its technical prowess alongside its trading and transportation hub role. Government policies emphasized the role of education, especially in computer science, and, increasingly, bio-sciences.
 +
 
 +
==Politics==
 +
 
 +
==Government==
 +
Head of state: President Halimah binte Yacob (since 14 September 2017).
 
   
 
   
Head of government: Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister Shunmugam JAYAKUMAR (since 1 April 2009); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister WONG Kan Seng (since 1 September 2005) [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html]
+
Head of government: Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister Shunmugam JAYAKUMAR (since 1 April 2009); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister WONG Kan Seng (since 1 September 2005).<ref>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Organs of State===
 +
Based on the model of separation of powers, the organs of state are divided as follows:
 +
 
 +
====Executive====
 +
Attorney-General's Chambers (AGC)<br>
 +
Auditor-General's Office (AGO)<br>
 +
The Cabinet (CAB)<br>
 +
Public Service Commission (PSC)
 +
 
 +
====Legislative====
 +
Istana (ISTANA)<br>
 +
Parliament of Singapore (PARL)
 +
 
 +
====Judiciary====
 +
Industrial Arbitration Court (IAC)<br>
 +
Family Justice Courts (FJCOURTS)<br>
 +
State Courts (STATE COURTS)<br>
 +
Supreme Court (SUPCOURT)
 +
 
 +
==Trade & Industry==
  
== Economy ==
+
==Economy==
Singapore has a highly developed and successful [[free-market]] economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita [[GDP]] higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 7.1% between 2004 and 2008. The economy contracted 1.3% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded nearly 14.7% in 2010, on the strength of renewed exports. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to 1% growth per year in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub. [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html]
+
Singapore has a highly developed and successful [[free-market]] economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita [[GDP]] higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 7.1% between 2004 and 2008. The economy contracted 1.3% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded nearly 14.7% in 2010, on the strength of renewed exports. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to 1% growth per year in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.<ref>https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sn.html</ref>
  
 
Gross Domestic Product: 2009 = $266.7 bn, 2010 = $303.7 bn
 
Gross Domestic Product: 2009 = $266.7 bn, 2010 = $303.7 bn
Line 115: Line 109:
 
Total Labor Force: 3,136,000
 
Total Labor Force: 3,136,000
  
Singapore’s exports of services declined by 3.2% to $136.0 billion in 2009 compared to an increase of 9.6% a year earlier. Imports of services also fell by 6.7% to $115.4 billion, in contrast to the 10.0% growth recorded in 2008. [http://www.singstat.gov.sg/]
+
Singapore's exports of services declined by 3.2% to $136.0 billion in 2009 compared to an increase of 9.6% a year earlier. Imports of services also fell by 6.7% to $115.4 billion, in contrast to the 10.0% growth recorded in 2008.<ref>http://www.singstat.gov.sg/</ref>
  
==History==
+
==Defence==
[[Image:Guan Yin Temple, Singapore.jpg|thumb|Guan Yin Temple.]]
+
  
Singapore was an ignored, swampy island with only a few fishing villages until 1819 when [[Sir Stamford Raffles]] of the British [[East India Company]] was given permission to establish a trading station by the Sultan of Johor.  Raffles had spotted its strategic location as a crossroads on the shipping routes to the East and set about turning the island into a free trading station.<ref>[http://www.visitsingapore.com/publish/stbportal/en/home/about_singapore/brief_history.html] Uniquely Singapore - Brief History</ref> Alongside the British colonial presence it attracted many entrepreneurs from China, India and the Middle East and within 5 years the population rose from 150 to 10,000. In 1824 the British bought the island outright from the Sultan. Following the Anglo-Dutch treaty of 1824, the [[Dutch]], who had largely been the dominant colonial power in south-east Asia, withdrew any objections to the British occupation.
+
==Infrastructure==
  
The British tended to congregate round the river waterfront and many grand buildings in the Palladian style were built largely with the help of Irish architect George Coleman.<ref>Visitors' Guide to Singapore, 13th Edition, 2006/7, pp.20-21</ref>  With the opening of the [[Suez Canal]] in 1869, the invention of steamships and the laying of long-distance telegraph cables Singapore became increasingly important as a port and trading center. 
+
==Housing==
  
At the outbreak of [[World War II]], Singapore was regarded as a well-defended base for the Allies in the Far-East.  However, on February 15, 1942 Singapore fell to the [[Japanese]] after six-days of fighting. The occupation of the next three and a half years was brutal with many atrocities and war-crimes being committed. The island was renamed Syonan (Light of the South) until the defeat of Japan.  The occupying forces formally surrendered to the British at the Changi prison-camp in September 1945.
+
==Education==
[[File:Lee Kuan Yew.jpg|thumb|left|270px|Lee Kuan Yew, Ex-Prime Minister of Singapore, in office: 5 June 1959 – 28 November 1990.]]
+
In 1946, Singapore became a British Crown Colony. However, the communist insurgency in Malaya of 1948 put Singapore in a state of emergency for 12 years. There was a rise of nationalism during the 1950s as the merchant classes wanted to have a say in government and in 1959 Singapore was granted self-government under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew. In 1963 Singapore merged with [[Federation of Malaya|Federated Malaya]] and the Borneo states of Sarawak and North Borneo (Sabah) to create Malaysia.  The third Borneo state of Brunei opted for independence. This merger was actively opposed by the neighboring states of Indonesia and the Philippines. ''Singapore was particularly hard hit by the loss of its Indonesian barter trade. Indonesian commandos conducted armed raids into Sabah and Sarawak, and Singaporean fishing boats were seized by Indonesian gunboats. Indonesian terrorists bombed the Ambassador Hotel on September 24, beginning a year of terrorism and propaganda aimed at creating communal unrest in Singapore.'' [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field%28DOCID+sg0033%29 Singapore as Part of Malaysia.] The union did not last long, owing to ideological differences between Lee Kuan Yew's PAP (People's Action Party) and the federal government in Kuala Lumpur.  Singapore was obliged to withdraw and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965. ''Lee declared Singapore a sovereign, democratic, and independent state. In tears he told his audience, "For me, it is a moment of anguish. All my life, my whole adult life, I have believed in merger and unity of the two territories."'' <ref>[http://www.loc.gov Singapore as Part of Malaysia.]</ref>
+
  
With only a small land mass and limited natural resources Singapore was forced to industrialize and develop its technical prowess alongside its trading and transportation hub role. Government policies emphasized the role of education, especially in computer science, and, increasingly, bio-sciences.
+
The education landscape in Singapore is governed by the [https://www.moe.gov.sg/home Ministry of Education (Singapore)].
 +
 
 +
===Early Childhood Education===
 +
See link for more information: [https://www.ecda.gov.sg/pages/default.aspx]
 +
 
 +
===Primary Education===
 +
 
 +
===Secondary Education===
 +
 
 +
===Tertiary Education===
 +
 
 +
===Professional Education===
 +
 
 +
===Private Education===
 +
 
 +
===Homeschooling===
 +
 
 +
===Self-Help Groups===
 +
<!--This section will be about the educational assistance provided by groups such as CDAC, SINDA, Mendaki and EA.-->
 +
 
 +
[https://www.cdac.org.sg/en/ Chinese Development Assistance Council (CDAC)] <br>
 +
[https://www.mendaki.org.sg/ Yayasan Mendaki] <br>
 +
[http://www.sinda.org.sg/ Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA)] <br>
 +
[http://www.eurasians.org.sg The Eurasian Association (EA)] <br>
 +
 
 +
The [http://www.onepeople.sg Central Singapore Joint Social Service Centre (CS JSSC)] was formed at the suggestion of Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong (then Prime Minister) in 1996 to bring the various Self-Help Groups (SHGs) together to collaborate on unifying the various races in Singapore, drawing on each other's expertise and resources.
 +
 
 +
===Financial Assistance Schemes===
 +
<!--This section will contain information about bursaries, scholarships, and other assistance schemes from various sources.-->
 +
 
 +
==Law==
 +
 
 +
==Public Holidays==
 +
 
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Cal Bellini]], Malayan actor on [[United States|American]] film and [[television]]
  
 
==References==
 
==References==

Latest revision as of 10:26, 23 December 2019

The Republic of Singapore
Singapore map CIA.jpg
Singaporeflag.gif
Flag
Capital Singapore
Government Parliamentary Republic
Language Mandarin, English, Malay and Tamil. (official)
President Halimah binte Yacob
Prime minister Lee Hsien Loong
Area 274 sq mi
Population 2010 5.6 million
GDP 2010 $255,338 billion (2010)
GDP per capita $57,238
Currency Singapore dollar
International dialing code +65
Internet top-level domain .sg


Singapore (Malay: Singa (lion) + pura (city)) is a city-state and parliamentary republic situated on a group of islands at the southern tip of the Malay peninsula. Its land area is 712 square kilometers. Singapore declared independence from Britain on 31 August 1963 and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965.

Singapore City.
Sultan Mosque.

Geography

People

Population

Girls, 2010.

The population of Singapore in June 2019 was of about 5.6 million people,[1] of which 76% are ethnic Chinese, 14% are Malay, 7% are Tamil and 3% are classified as others.

Urban population: 100% of total population.

Religion

Buddhists/Taoists made up 43.2% of the resident population according the General Household Survey 2015. 14.0% were Muslims, 5.0% were Hindus, 18.8% were Christians and 0.6% of them were from other religions. 18.5% of the population had no religion. These figures had been relatively stable between 2010 and 2015.[2]

Total SMS messages: 27,714 Million.

Language & Literacy

Languages: Mandarin (official) 35%, English (official) 23%, Malay (official) 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil (official) 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)

Population aged 15 years & over who are literate (in 2018): 97.2%.[3]

Medieval History

Modern History

Guan Yin Temple.

Singapore was an ignored, swampy island with only a few fishing villages until 1819 when Sir Stamford Raffles of the British East India Company was given permission to establish a trading station by the Sultan of Johor. Raffles had spotted its strategic location as a crossroads on the shipping routes to the East and set about turning the island into a free trading station.[4] Alongside the British colonial presence it attracted many entrepreneurs from China, India and the Middle East and within 5 years the population rose from 150 to 10,000. In 1824 the British bought the island outright from the Sultan. Following the Anglo-Dutch treaty of 1824, the Dutch, who had largely been the dominant colonial power in south-east Asia, withdrew any objections to the British occupation.

The British tended to congregate round the river waterfront and many grand buildings in the Palladian style were built largely with the help of Irish architect George Coleman.[5] With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the invention of steamships and the laying of long-distance telegraph cables Singapore became increasingly important as a port and trading center.

At the outbreak of World War II, Singapore was regarded as a well-defended base for the Allies in the Far-East. However, on February 15, 1942 Singapore fell to the Japanese after six-days of fighting. The occupation of the next three and a half years was brutal with many atrocities and war-crimes being committed. The island was renamed Syonan (Light of the South) until the defeat of Japan. The occupying forces formally surrendered to the British at the Changi prison-camp in September 1945.

Lee Kuan Yew, Ex-Prime Minister of Singapore, in office: 5 June 1959 – 28 November 1990.

In 1946, Singapore became a British Crown Colony. However, the communist insurgency in Malaya of 1948 put Singapore in a state of emergency for 12 years. There was a rise of nationalism during the 1950s as the merchant classes wanted to have a say in government and in 1959 Singapore was granted self-government under the leadership of Lee Kuan Yew. In 1963 Singapore merged with Federated Malaya and the Borneo states of Sarawak and North Borneo (Sabah) to create Malaysia. The third Borneo state of Brunei opted for independence. This merger was actively opposed by the neighboring states of Indonesia and the Philippines. Singapore was particularly hard hit by the loss of its Indonesian barter trade. Indonesian commandos conducted armed raids into Sabah and Sarawak, and Singaporean fishing boats were seized by Indonesian gunboats. Indonesian terrorists bombed the Ambassador Hotel on September 24, beginning a year of terrorism and propaganda aimed at creating communal unrest in Singapore. Singapore as Part of Malaysia. The union did not last long, owing to ideological differences between Lee Kuan Yew's PAP (People's Action Party) and the federal government in Kuala Lumpur. Singapore was obliged to withdraw and became a sovereign, independent nation on August 9, 1965. Lee declared Singapore a sovereign, democratic, and independent state. In tears he told his audience, "For me, it is a moment of anguish. All my life, my whole adult life, I have believed in merger and unity of the two territories." [6]

With only a small land mass and limited natural resources Singapore was forced to industrialize and develop its technical prowess alongside its trading and transportation hub role. Government policies emphasized the role of education, especially in computer science, and, increasingly, bio-sciences.

Politics

Government

Head of state: President Halimah binte Yacob (since 14 September 2017).

Head of government: Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister GOH Chok Tong (since 12 August 2004); Senior Minister Shunmugam JAYAKUMAR (since 1 April 2009); Minister Mentor LEE Kuan Yew (since 12 August 2004); Deputy Prime Minister TEO Chee Hean (since 1 April 2009) and Deputy Prime Minister WONG Kan Seng (since 1 September 2005).[7]

Organs of State

Based on the model of separation of powers, the organs of state are divided as follows:

Executive

Attorney-General's Chambers (AGC)
Auditor-General's Office (AGO)
The Cabinet (CAB)
Public Service Commission (PSC)

Legislative

Istana (ISTANA)
Parliament of Singapore (PARL)

Judiciary

Industrial Arbitration Court (IAC)
Family Justice Courts (FJCOURTS)
State Courts (STATE COURTS)
Supreme Court (SUPCOURT)

Trade & Industry

Economy

Singapore has a highly developed and successful free-market economy. It enjoys a remarkably open and corruption-free environment, stable prices, and a per capita GDP higher than that of most developed countries. The economy depends heavily on exports, particularly in consumer electronics, information technology products, pharmaceuticals, and on a growing financial services sector. Real GDP growth averaged 7.1% between 2004 and 2008. The economy contracted 1.3% in 2009 as a result of the global financial crisis, but rebounded nearly 14.7% in 2010, on the strength of renewed exports. Over the longer term, the government hopes to establish a new growth path that focuses on raising productivity, which has sunk to 1% growth per year in the last decade. Singapore has attracted major investments in pharmaceuticals and medical technology production and will continue efforts to establish Singapore as Southeast Asia's financial and high-tech hub.[8]

Gross Domestic Product: 2009 = $266.7 bn, 2010 = $303.7 bn

Per Capita Gross National Income: $57,603 (2010)

Total Labor Force: 3,136,000

Singapore's exports of services declined by 3.2% to $136.0 billion in 2009 compared to an increase of 9.6% a year earlier. Imports of services also fell by 6.7% to $115.4 billion, in contrast to the 10.0% growth recorded in 2008.[9]

Defence

Infrastructure

Housing

Education

The education landscape in Singapore is governed by the Ministry of Education (Singapore).

Early Childhood Education

See link for more information: [2]

Primary Education

Secondary Education

Tertiary Education

Professional Education

Private Education

Homeschooling

Self-Help Groups

Chinese Development Assistance Council (CDAC)
Yayasan Mendaki
Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA)
The Eurasian Association (EA)

The Central Singapore Joint Social Service Centre (CS JSSC) was formed at the suggestion of Senior Minister Goh Chok Tong (then Prime Minister) in 1996 to bring the various Self-Help Groups (SHGs) together to collaborate on unifying the various races in Singapore, drawing on each other's expertise and resources.

Financial Assistance Schemes

Law

Public Holidays

See also

References