'''Romanticism''' was an innovative artistic, musical, and literary movement in the early 1800s which emphasized feelings, and nature. The Romantic period of art was also a period of rebirth for [[religion|religious values]]. Romanticism was against elements of the [[Enlightenment]] that emphasized [[rationalism]] at the expense of human emotion and imagination. In writing, Romanticism elevated the common man, [[nationalism]], [[freedom]], and the supernatural, while also glorifying nature.
The term "Romanticism" was coined because it originated in European regions of the "Romance Languages," namely French, Spanish and Italian. German and British Romanticism followed soon after. Other countries such as [[America]] and [[Canada]] also had Romantic art movements.
[[America]]n literature typifying this era include [[Herman Melville]]'s ''[[Moby Dick]]'', [[Edgar Allan Poe]]'s writings, and the additional American writers [[Ralph Waldo Emerson]], [[Nathaniel Hawthorne]], [[Henry David Thoreau]], and [[Walt Whitman]]
; writer [[Victor Hugo]] led this movement in [[Europe]] with his works readable by the common man.
[[Eugene Delacroix]] (1798-1863) was perhaps the most important of the [[French]] Romantic painters; in English literature, the Romantic movement was started by Lyrical Ballads (1798), poems co-authored by [[William Wordsworth]] and [[Samuel Taylor Coleridge]].