State Hermitage Museum

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View of the New Hermitage from Millionnaya Street, 19th century.

The State Hermitage Museum is situated in the center of St Petersburg, Russia. The Hermitage, formerly the Winter Palace of the tsars, is one of the world's great fine arts museums.

In 1764, Catherine the Great (reigned 1762 - 1796), who was a Francophile art lover and avid collector, encouraged painting, and created the Hermitage Museum; at the beginning as her private collection; at that time, Empress Catherine purchased a collection of 225 Flemish and Dutch paintings from the Berlin merchant Johann Ernest Gotzkowski.

In the middle of the 19th century the New Hermitage was the first Russian museum founded by Emperor Nicholas I to make the art collections of Russian tsars accessible to the public. [1]

The collection of the Hermitage Museum contains 2,970,214 items, including 16,851 paintings and 12,623 sculptures.

At the State Hermitage Museum, over 180,000 items including paintings, sculptures and examples of applied art, give an idea of a remarkable cultural heritage of the Orient from the time of the ancient civilizations emergence to the present. The exhibitions occupying 50 museum rooms contain the collections of items from Ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Central Asia, Byzantium, countries of the Near and Far East. Oriental art. State Hermitage Museum.

Hermitage St. Petersburg Interior.jpg

Famous masterpieces at the Museum

See also