Strip mine

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Strip mine is an open cut in which the overburden is removed from a coal bed prior to the removal of coal. Although strip mining is most commonly associated with coal, it can be used for other minerals.

In the United States, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 mandates reclamation of surface coal mines. Reclamation for non-coal mines is regulated by state and local laws, which may vary widely.