Difference between revisions of "Thirteen Colonies"

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Revision as of 14:42, 28 January 2009

The thirteen colonies were the original colonies of the United States. They were: Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. On July 4, 1776, they became states and formed a new nation, the United States of America.

New England Colonies

Colony Year Founded Founded By Chief Crops or Trade Government Religion
Massachusetts 1620 Pilgrims, led by William Bradford Shipbuilding, fish, lumber Governor appointed by king established Puritan Church (after 1700 called Congregationalist);
Rhode Island 1636 Roger Williams, for religious reasons left Massachusetts Lumber, fish. Elected by colonists. Complete religious freedom for all- Anglican (Episcopalian), Baptist, Quakers and other Protestants
Connecticut 1636 Thomas Hooker, who led a group from Massachusetts who wanted less government Shipbuilding, lumber, fish Elected by colonists Congregationalist Church was established
New Hampshire 1623 Colonists who left Massachusetts for political and religious reasons Molasses, fish Governor appointed by king Congregationalist


Middle Colonies

Colony Year Founded Founded By Chief Crops or Trade Government Religion
New York 1626 Dutch; English in 1664 Shipbuilding and trade Governor appointed by king Dutch Reformed, and other Protestants
New Jersey 1664 Swedish and Dutch; In 1664 Sir George Carteret and Lord John Berkeley were given the land by the English Duke of York Oats, wheat, rye Governor appointed by king Dutch Reformed, Quaker, others
Pennsylvania 1681 William Penn as a safe place for Quakers Trade and Shipbuilding Proprietor selected the governor Quaker Lutheran, and other Protestant
Delaware 1682 William Penn Tobacco Proprietor selected the governor Protestant

Southern Colonies

Colony Year Founded Founded By Chief Crops or Trade Government Religion
Virginia 1607 John Smith, settlers from Virginia Company of London Tobacco Governor appointed by king Anglican Church was established
Maryland 1634 Lord Baltimore as a safe place for Catholics Tobacco Proprietor selected by governor Protestant and Catholic
North Carolina 1654 Virginia settlers Tar from pine trees, tobacco, pitch, and rice Governor appointed by king Protestant
South Carolina 1663 English and other Europeans Tar from pine trees, tobacco, pitch, and rice Governor appointed by king Protestant
Georgia 1732 James Oglethorpe, brought English debtors to protect Georgia from the Spanish Indigo, tobacco Governor appointed by king Protestant