Difference between revisions of "Timothy Leary"

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'''Timothy Leary''' (1920 – 1996) was a psychologist who researched psychedelic drugs which change the activities of the brain—especially [[LSD]]—and promoted their use.  He became the roving [[Hippie]], the sage of Aquarius, the 1960s icon who promoted peace and love through psychedelic drugs to a nation divided over the rise of the hippie counterculture, as Leary tried to avoid arrest and prison.  Leary coined the slogan, "Turn on, tune in, drop out."
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{| class="infobox bordered" style="font-size:95%; width:25em;"
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! style="font-size:120%; background:lightgray; text-align:center; padding:5px 0;" | A cheerleader for [[evolution]]
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| style="padding:15px;" |''‘Your role is quite simple. Become a cheerleader for evolution. That’s what I did and [[T. H. Huxley|my grandfather]] before me. These brain-drugs, mass-produced in the laboratories, will bring about vast changes in [[society]]. This will happen with or without you or me. All we can do is spread the word. The obstacle to this evolution, Timothy, is the [[Bible]].’''
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<div style="padding-left:40px;">&mdash; [[Aldous Huxley]] to Timothy Leary according to latter one's autobiographical account<ref>{{cite web |title=Timothy Leary 1920-1996 |author=Ado Krige |date= 29 Aug 2014 |publisher=WordPress |accessdate=13 Sep 2018 |url=http://www.hr7.co.za/2014/08/29/timothy-leary-1920-1996/|quote=Here is an extract of a conversation between Huxley and Leary: After he heavily induced himself with psilocybin, Huxley told Leary in a chilling conversation: ... The late British psychiatrist William Sargant wrote, “Aldous Huxley, in his writings and in talking to me personally, insisted that mescaline had taken him into the presence of God.” Leary declared, “I am a revolutionary, and the faster this system [the culture and the Christian ideals upon which it was built] goes down the happier I’ll be. }}</ref><ref name="Matthews2008">{{cite web |title=FRANKFURTSKÁ ŠKOLA A JEJÍ IDEOVÍ SOUDRUZI (Frankfurt school and its ideological comrades) |author=Timothy Matthews |translator=Mikuláš Spurný |url=http://www.tedeum.cz/4_2014/frankfurtskola_0414.htm |publisher=Te Deum (originally: The Wanderer) |date=11 Nov 2008 (originally)|language=Czech |quote=Také dr. Timothy Leary, který bádal a popularizoval halucinogenní drogy, nám dává nahlédnout do myšlení frankfurtské školy. Ve své knize Záblesky paměti uvádí svůj rozhovor s Aldousem Huxleyem, který řekl: „Až budou tyto drogy působící na mozek vyráběny ve velkém v laboratořích, přivodí hluboké změny ve společnosti. K tomu dojde v každém případě, ať s naší účastí, nebo bez nás. Všechno, co můžeme dělat, je šířit slovo. Hlavní překážkou v tomto vývoji, Timothy, je bible.“ Leary pak pokračuje: „Střetli jsme se zde s onou židovsko-křesťanskou oddaností jedinému Bohu, jednomu pravému náboženství a pouze jedné realitě, která je prokletím Evropy po celá staletí a Ameriky pak ode dne jejího vzniku. Drogy otevírající mysl mnohočetným realitám nevyhnutelně vedou k polyteistickému náhledu na universum. Cítili jsme, že nadešel čas pro nové humanistické náboženství založené na rozumném a tolerantním pluralismu a na vědou podloženém pohanství.“ |accessdate=13 Sep 2018}}</ref><ref name="Flashbacks">{{cite book |title=Flashbacks: A Personal and Cultural History of an Era : an Autobiography |author=Timothy Leary |publisher=Putnam |year=1990 |pages=44, 109 |isbn=978-08747-78700 |url=http://books.google.com/books?redir_esc=y&id=4fQMAQAAMAAJ&focus=searchwithinvolume&q=obstacle |quote=we had run up against the Judeo-Christian commitment to one God, one religion, one reality, that has cursed Europe for centuries and America since our founding days. Drugs that open the mind to multiple realities inevitably lead to a polytheistic view of the universe. We sensed that the time for a new humanist religion based on intelligence, good-natured pluralism and scientific paganism has arrived.}}</ref>
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{| class="infobox bordered" style="font-size:95%; width:25em;"
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! style="font-size:120%; background:gray; text-align:center; padding:5px 0;" | The raise of the [[Anti-Christian sentiment]]
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| style="padding:15px;" |''‘[W]e had run up against the [[Judeo-Christian]] commitment to one [[God]], one [[religion]], one reality, that has cursed [[Europe]] for centuries and [[America]] since our [[founding fathers|founding]] days. Drugs that open the mind to multiple realities inevitably lead to a [[polytheistic]] view of the [[universe]]. We sensed that the time for a new [[humanist]] religion based on intelligence, good-natured [[pluralism]] and [[scientific]] [[paganism]] has arrived.’''
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<div style="padding-left:40px;">&mdash; Timothy Leary<ref name="Flashbacks">{{cite book |title=Transhumanism: The History of a Dangerous Ide |author=David Livingstone |publisher=David Livingstone |year=2015 |pages=176 |isbn=978-15152-32575 |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=FQSLCwAAQBAJ&q=scientific+paganism#v=snippet&q="scientific%20paganism"&f=false |quote=}}</ref>
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'''Timothy Leary''' (1920 – 1996) was a psychologist who researched psychedelic [[drugs]] which change the activities of the brain—especially [[LSD]]—and promoted their use.  He became the roving [[Hippie]], the sage of Aquarius, the 1960s icon who promoted peace and love through psychedelic drugs to a nation divided over the rise of the hippie counterculture, as Leary tried to avoid arrest and prison.  Leary coined the slogan, "Turn on, tune in, drop out."
  
 
Professors at Harvard led the attack on the wayward lecturer, warning that experimental drugs like LSD should be administered by physicians  in controlled medical settings, not by psychologists at late-night parties. Leary  responded that "control of the mind through drugs, which we call internal politics, will be the leading civil rights issue in the coming decades." He claimed, "LSD use is a sacramental ritual." In  1963, he was fired from Harvard.   
 
Professors at Harvard led the attack on the wayward lecturer, warning that experimental drugs like LSD should be administered by physicians  in controlled medical settings, not by psychologists at late-night parties. Leary  responded that "control of the mind through drugs, which we call internal politics, will be the leading civil rights issue in the coming decades." He claimed, "LSD use is a sacramental ritual." In  1963, he was fired from Harvard.   
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He died of cancer, but remains an iconic hero to the surviving addicts he introduced to dangerous drugs.
 
He died of cancer, but remains an iconic hero to the surviving addicts he introduced to dangerous drugs.
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==Bibliography==
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*''Evolutionary Agents'' — Leary delves deeper into his vision of "human future history." He likens human society to that of insect hives and claims humans will eventually become the aliens.<ref>{{cite web |title=Evolutionary Agents |url=http://books.google.com/books?id=TBre6-H7yOYC |accessdate=13 Sep 2018}}</ref>
  
 
==Further reading==
 
==Further reading==
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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* [[Frankfurt School]]
 
* [[Hippie]]
 
* [[Hippie]]
 
* [[Bernardine Dohrn]]
 
* [[Bernardine Dohrn]]
 
* [[Weather Underground]]
 
* [[Weather Underground]]
  
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==References==
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<references/>
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Leary, Timothy}}
 
[[Category:1960s]]
 
[[Category:1960s]]
 
[[Category:Criminals]]
 
[[Category:Criminals]]

Latest revision as of 13:39, 13 September 2018

A cheerleader for evolution
‘Your role is quite simple. Become a cheerleader for evolution. That’s what I did and my grandfather before me. These brain-drugs, mass-produced in the laboratories, will bring about vast changes in society. This will happen with or without you or me. All we can do is spread the word. The obstacle to this evolution, Timothy, is the Bible.’
Aldous Huxley to Timothy Leary according to latter one's autobiographical account[1][2][3]
The raise of the Anti-Christian sentiment
‘[W]e had run up against the Judeo-Christian commitment to one God, one religion, one reality, that has cursed Europe for centuries and America since our founding days. Drugs that open the mind to multiple realities inevitably lead to a polytheistic view of the universe. We sensed that the time for a new humanist religion based on intelligence, good-natured pluralism and scientific paganism has arrived.’
— Timothy Leary[3]

Timothy Leary (1920 – 1996) was a psychologist who researched psychedelic drugs which change the activities of the brain—especially LSD—and promoted their use. He became the roving Hippie, the sage of Aquarius, the 1960s icon who promoted peace and love through psychedelic drugs to a nation divided over the rise of the hippie counterculture, as Leary tried to avoid arrest and prison. Leary coined the slogan, "Turn on, tune in, drop out."

Professors at Harvard led the attack on the wayward lecturer, warning that experimental drugs like LSD should be administered by physicians in controlled medical settings, not by psychologists at late-night parties. Leary responded that "control of the mind through drugs, which we call internal politics, will be the leading civil rights issue in the coming decades." He claimed, "LSD use is a sacramental ritual." In 1963, he was fired from Harvard.

Harvard's action made him immensely popular in the dropout world, despite repeated reports of "bad trips" and psychological damage to drug users. Despite repeated arrests he avoided prison until 1970. The terrorist group the Weather Underground helped him escape, but in 1973 he was apprehended trying to enter Afghanistan. Leary returned to prison until paroled in 1976. Leary continued his advocacy lectures across the country from his base in Hollywood. He married five times, twice to one woman. The first of his spouses committed suicide, as did his only daughter.

He died of cancer, but remains an iconic hero to the surviving addicts he introduced to dangerous drugs.

Bibliography

  • Evolutionary Agents — Leary delves deeper into his vision of "human future history." He likens human society to that of insect hives and claims humans will eventually become the aliens.[4]

Further reading

See also

References

  1. Ado Krige (29 Aug 2014). Timothy Leary 1920-1996. WordPress. Retrieved on 13 Sep 2018. “Here is an extract of a conversation between Huxley and Leary: After he heavily induced himself with psilocybin, Huxley told Leary in a chilling conversation: ... The late British psychiatrist William Sargant wrote, “Aldous Huxley, in his writings and in talking to me personally, insisted that mescaline had taken him into the presence of God.” Leary declared, “I am a revolutionary, and the faster this system [the culture and the Christian ideals upon which it was built] goes down the happier I’ll be.”
  2. Timothy Matthews (11 Nov 2008 (originally)). FRANKFURTSKÁ ŠKOLA A JEJÍ IDEOVÍ SOUDRUZI (Frankfurt school and its ideological comrades) (Czech). Te Deum (originally: The Wanderer). Retrieved on 13 Sep 2018. “Také dr. Timothy Leary, který bádal a popularizoval halucinogenní drogy, nám dává nahlédnout do myšlení frankfurtské školy. Ve své knize Záblesky paměti uvádí svůj rozhovor s Aldousem Huxleyem, který řekl: „Až budou tyto drogy působící na mozek vyráběny ve velkém v laboratořích, přivodí hluboké změny ve společnosti. K tomu dojde v každém případě, ať s naší účastí, nebo bez nás. Všechno, co můžeme dělat, je šířit slovo. Hlavní překážkou v tomto vývoji, Timothy, je bible.“ Leary pak pokračuje: „Střetli jsme se zde s onou židovsko-křesťanskou oddaností jedinému Bohu, jednomu pravému náboženství a pouze jedné realitě, která je prokletím Evropy po celá staletí a Ameriky pak ode dne jejího vzniku. Drogy otevírající mysl mnohočetným realitám nevyhnutelně vedou k polyteistickému náhledu na universum. Cítili jsme, že nadešel čas pro nové humanistické náboženství založené na rozumném a tolerantním pluralismu a na vědou podloženém pohanství.“”
  3. 3.0 3.1 Timothy Leary (1990). Flashbacks: A Personal and Cultural History of an Era : an Autobiography. Putnam, 44, 109. ISBN 978-08747-78700. “we had run up against the Judeo-Christian commitment to one God, one religion, one reality, that has cursed Europe for centuries and America since our founding days. Drugs that open the mind to multiple realities inevitably lead to a polytheistic view of the universe. We sensed that the time for a new humanist religion based on intelligence, good-natured pluralism and scientific paganism has arrived.” 
  4. Evolutionary Agents. Retrieved on 13 Sep 2018.