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Toco toucan1.jpg
Toco toucan
Ramphastos toco
Scientific classification
Kingdom Information
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Bilateria
Branch Deuterostomia
Phylum Information
Phylum Chordata
Sub-phylum Vertebrata
Infraphylum Gnathostomata
Class Information
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Aves
Sub-class Avialae
Order Information
Superorder Passerimorphae
Order Piciformes
Sub-order Pici
Infraorder Ramphastides
Family Information
Superfamily Ramphastoidea
Family Ramphastidae
Sub-family Ramphastinae
Genus Information
Genera Andigena
Population statistics

Toucan refers to any one of 38 species of Central and South American birds characterized by bulky bodies and long, often colorful bills.


Toucans range in size from 12 to 29 inches in length. Their bodies are compact, and have plumage which in most species bear bold patterns of red, green, yellow, blue, orange, black, or white. Smaller species tend to have less-gaudy or dull plumage. All species have short, rounded wings, a long, graduated tail, and short, strong legs with zygodactyl feet, i.e. two toes pointing forwards, two toes pointing back.

The bill is the most distinctive characteristic of the birds. It is large; in some species the bill is half the body length, yet remarkably light due to a spongy structure within. Boldly-colored, the bills may serve as displays in mating or as intimidation against other birds near their nesting areas, in addition to being an efficient thermal radiator to cool the birds down,[1] and often within minutes.[2]


  • Genus Andigena
Black-billed mountain toucan, Andigena nigrirostris
Grey-breasted mountain toucan, Andigena hypoglauca
Hooded mountain toucan, Andigena cucullata
Plate-billed mountain toucan, Andigena laminirostris
  • Genus Aulacorhynchus
Blue-banded toucanet, Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis
Chestnut-tipped toucanet, Aulacorhynchus derbianus
Crimson-rumped toucanet, Aulacorhynchus haematopygus
Emerald toucanet, Aulacorhynchus prasinus
Groove-billed toucanet, Aulacorhynchus sulcatus
Whitely's toucanet, Aulacorhynchus whitelianus
Yellow-browed toucanet, Aulacorhynchus huallagae
  • Genus Pteroglossus
Black-necked aracari, Pteroglossus aracari
Brown-mandibled aracari, Pteroglossus mariae
Chestnut-eared aracari, Pteroglossus castanotis
Collared aracari, Pteroglossus torquatus
Curl-crested aracari, Pteroglossus beauharnaesii
Fiery-billed aracari, Pteroglossus frantzii
Green aracari, Pteroglossus viridis
Ivory-billed aracari, Pteroglossus azara
Lettered aracari, Pteroglossus inscriptus
Many-banded aracari, Pteroglossus pluricinctus
Pale-mandibled aracari, Pteroglossus erythropygius
Red-necked aracari, Pteroglossus bitorquatus
Saffron toucanet, Pteroglossus bailloni
Stripe-billed aracari, Pteroglossus sanguineus
  • Genus Ramphastos
Black-mandibled toucan, Ramphastos ambiguus
Channel-billed toucan, Ramphastos vitellinus
Choco toucan, Ramphastos brevis
Green-billed toucan, Ramphastos dicolorus
Keel-billed toucan, Ramphastos sulfuratus
Toco toucan, Ramphastos toco
White-throated toucan, Ramphastos tucanus
  • Genus Selenidera
Golden-collared toucanet, Selenidera reinwardtii
Gould's toucanet, Selenidera gouldii
Guianan toucanet, Selenidera culik
Spot-billed toucanet, Selenidera maculirostris
Tawny-tufted toucanet, Selenidera nattereri
Yellow-eared toucanet, Selenidera spectabilis


Nesting occurs in tree holes, either those formed via natural decay or in holes created by other birds. Two to four eggs are laid, with both parents incubating; they are restless during this period, seldom spending more than an hour on the eggs. The chicks are born naked, getting a down covering several days after hatching.