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Ugaritic was a Semitic language spoken in the town of Ugarit, located on the coast of modern Syria. Cuneiform texts written in Ugaritic dating from approximately 1200-1000 B.C. were discovered by French archaeologists in the early twentieth century.

Like other Semitic languages, including Hebrew, Akkadian and Sumerian, Ugaritic had a VSO (Verb-Subject-Object) word order. Its verbal morphology was most similar to Aramaic, although Hittite and even Egyptian influence is seen in its inflectional morphology. The language has been extinct since around the time its home city was destroyed, approximately 1170 B.C.

Texts in the Ugaritic language include the legends of Baal, Aqhat (which is believed to refer to a character later known in the Bible as Daniel), and Kirta.