Ulysses S. Grant

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Ulysses S. Grant was the President of the United States from 1869 to 1877. He was born on April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. He served as a Union general in the Civil War and is credited for victory against the south. After his Presidency he had a cancer in his throat and was in great pain for the rest of his life. He struggled to write his memoirs but completed them and they provided money for his family after he died. He died in the morning on July 23, 1885. [1]

His administration is often considered to have been one of widespread governmental corruption, giving rise to the ironic term the "Gilded Age" in American history.

Military Career

A graduate of West Point, Grant served in the Mexican American War. He tried several businesses after the United States victory, but none of them succeeded. However, as the demand for West Point graduates became huge, Grant rejoined the Army. He was, however stranded to desk duty. After a while, Grant received a field command, however, after brief successes, his commanding general became jealous and removed him from his command. Eventually, he received another field command, and used it to capture the Confederate city of Vicksburg. Shortly after this victory, Grant received command of the Union army. After a bloody struggle at the Battle of the Wilderness, Grant eventually surrounded the Confederate capital of Richmond. After a long siege, Lee eventually surrendered at Appomattox court house.


He was actually named Hiram Ulysses Grant by his parents but when he applied for West Point he was accidentally registered Ulysses Simpson Grant. He liked the name better than Hiram Ulysses Grant because it formed the initials H.U.G.[2]

Current Studies

The Ulysses S. Grant Association, with help from Southern Illinois University, the National Endowment for the Humanities, and the National Historical Publications and Records Commission, is in the process of publishing an exhaustive, annotated series of volumes of Grant documents. Also in the works is a scholarly edition of the Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant. [3]


  1. Encyclopedia of Presidents - Ulysses S. Grant by Zachary Kent, Children's Press, 1989.
  2. Encyclopedia of Presidents - Ulysses S. Grant by Zachary Kent, Children's Press, 1989.
  3. http://twister.lib.siu.edu/projects/usgrant/