Difference between revisions of "United Kingdom Independence Party"

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(Removed key people section seeing as their are no key figures at the moment. Added a section in its place about the recent leadership crisis.)
 
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[[File:Farage.jpg|thumb|200px|Prominent UKIP MEP, Nigel Farage, wants to take Britain out of the [[EU]] and subject immigration to legal controls]]
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{{PoliticalParty
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| party_name = United Kingdom Independence Party
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| party_logo =
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| website = [http://www.ukip.org/ ukip.org]
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| leader = ''Vacant''
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| Parleader =
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| foundation = September 3, 1993
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| ideology = [[Euroskepticism]]
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| position = [[Conservatism]]<br>[[Libertarianism]]<br>[[Right-wing populist]]<br>[[Nationalism]]
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| international = none
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| colors = purple, yellow
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| footnotes =
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}}
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[[File:UKIP campaigning in Newport High Street.jpg|300px|thumb|UKIP candidate Stephen West campaigning in Newport, Isle of Wight for Hampshire Police & Crime Commissioner in 2012.]]
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The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''', also known by the acronym '''UKIP''' (pronounced "you-kip", its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a [[conservative]] and [[Euroskeptic]] political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European Union]] (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to the surrender of British [[sovereignty]]. The party was dominated by [[Nigel Farage]], who served on-and-off as party leader from its creation until 2016. Prior to the 2016 [[Brexit]] referendum, it was also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47,000 members.
  
The '''United Kingdom Independence Party''', also known by the acronym '''UKIP''', is a British political party. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for [[British]] withdrawal from the [[European Union]] (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of right-wing voters opposed to the surrender of British sovereignty. The current leader of UKIP is Nigel Farage.
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==Political influence==
UKIP is the fastest-growing British political party. It currently has over 22,000 thousand members, up from 17,000 in 2011.
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UKIP's top goal, of leaving the EU, was achieved when the British people voted to leave the EU in [[Brexit|a referendum]] held on June 23, 2016.<ref>Armstrong, Paul (July 15, 2016). [https://www.cnn.com/2016/06/24/europe/eu-referendum-nigel-farage/ Nigel Farage: Arch-eurosceptic and Brexit 'puppet master']. ''CNN''. Retrieved October 4, 2016.</ref>
  
In the 2008 European elections UKIP came second. with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the [[European Parliament]]  
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Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage is arguably the most successful British politician of the modern age for successfully advocating and then winning a referendum for leaving the EU.<ref>[https://www.breitbart.com/big-journalism/2016/06/24/buzzfeed-nigel-farage-britains-successful-politician-generation/ BuzzFeed: Nigel Farage ‘Britain’s Most Successful Politician in a Generation’]. ''Breitbart''. June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.</ref> He noted in 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister [[Theresa May]] had adopted the exact same political positions as he had a few years earlier.<ref>Merrick, Rob (May 7, 2017). [http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/politics/election-latest-nigel-farage-theresa-may-stolen-ukip-policies-brussels-bashing-immigration-a7722346.html Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has stolen all his policies]. ''The Independent''. Retrieved May 7, 2017.</ref>
In the Parliamentary election of May 6th 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs. This makes them the largest unrepresented party in the UK. UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].  
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==Political positions and stances==
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[[File:Nigel Farage of UKIP.jpg|thumb|250px|left|Nigel Farage in 2008. Farage successfully supported taking Britain out of the EU, and he supports limiting immigration, small government, and British sovereignty.]]
 
Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. It now has policies on tax, defence, the health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.
 
Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. It now has policies on tax, defence, the health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.
  
UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who are critical of the centralized and undemocratic structure of the [[EU]].  UKIP has endorsed a British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax of 33% and opposes national identity cards. It is sceptical of the more extreme claims of AGW and critical of carbon-permits and other [[EU]] environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful. [[www.ukip.org/manifesto ]]
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UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who are critical of the centralized and undemocratic structure of the [[EU]].  UKIP has endorsed a British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax and opposes national identity cards. It is sceptical of the more extreme claims of [[AGW]] and critical of carbon-permits and other EU environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful.<ref>http://www.ukip.org/page/ukip-manifesto</ref> UKIP opposes laws restricting freedom of speech, including on the internet.<ref>Deacon, Liam (July 3, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/07/03/ukip-joins-free-speech-savetheinternet-fight-forces-eu-parliament-vote/ Article 13: UKIP Joins Pro-Free Speech #SaveTheInternet Fight, Forces EU Parliament Vote]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved July 3, 2018.</ref>
UKIP is frequently accused of being a racist party and associated with racist parties in the media. However, UKIP membership is open to all regardless of ethnic origin and in the 2010 election UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities.
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Sine the 2010 general election UKIP has seen a significant growth in support which has resulted in them overtaking the govening Liberal Democratsin the polls at the end of 2012.
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In 2017, UKIP added banning the [[burqa]] and [[Sharia Law]] to its agenda.<ref>Deacon, Liam (April 23, 2017). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2017/04/23/ukip-promises-to-ban-the-burqa-and-sharia-law/ UKIP Promises to Ban the Burqa and Sharia Law]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved April 24, 2017.</ref>
  
Representatives
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UKIP is frequently accused by the [[establishment]] and leftists of being a "racist" party and is associated with racist parties by the liberal media, such as the [[politically correct]] TV networks (such as the [[BBC]]) and newspapers (such as ''[[The Guardian]]''). Most claims of UKIP being "racist" are defended by pointing to a couple of minor disgraced UKIP councillors or party members – these people have often been expelled from the party. UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 elections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities.<ref>http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref>
  
House of Commons
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==Leadership crisis==
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Gerard Batten's term as leader of UKIP ended on 2 June 2019, triggering a leadership election, which he announced he would be standing in. UKIP's National Executive Committee prohibited him from doing so, on the grounds that he had "brought the party into disrepute" over his links with [[Tommy Robinson]]. Richard Braine, a supporter of Batten's previous leadership, was elected as leader on the 10 August 2019, only to resign from the party leadership in the following October, citing the NEC's "purge" of party members (who were loyal to Batten). The position of leader is now vacant.
  
Whilst UKIP has not won a seat in the House of Commons, the party has had representation (albeit for only a relatively short time) when Dr Bob Spink, MP for Castle Point, resigned from the Conservative Party and joined UKIP on 21 April 2008. (In the UK, MPs are not required to resign as MPs if they change their party allegiance.) However, by November 2008, Spink had left UKIP having found himself at odds with party colleagues on various issues. UKIP has no representation in the House of Commons currently.
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==Incomplete list of election results==
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In the 2008 European elections, UKIP came second, with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the [[European Parliament]]. In the Parliamentary election of May 6, 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently in support for [[proportional representation]], forging an unlikely alliance with the Green Party of England and Wales (an eco-socialist party) and the [[Liberal Democrats]] (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its policies come from the social democratic – ''i.e.'' [[socialist]] – trend). UKIP has 2 members in the [[House of Lords]].  
  
House of Lords
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In 2013, UKIP achieved a milestone in the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across the UK adding to the 50-60 councillors that were already in place.
On 24 June 1995, UKIP gained its first member of the House of Lords in the form of Richard Norton, 8th Baron Grantley, who had joined the party in 1993 from the Conservatives and had recently succeeded to his father's titles. However, with the coming House of Lords Act 1999, he decided not to stand for election as a continuing member, and so left the House in November 1999. Lords Pearson of Rannoch and Willoughby de Broke both defected to UKIP on 7 January 2007, giving the party its first representation in the House of Lords since Lord Grantley's departure. Lord Pearson went on to serve as party leader from November 2009 to September 2010. On 18 September 2012, David Stevens, Baron Stevens of Ludgate joined UKIP, having sat as an Independent Conservative since his expulsion from the Conservatives in 2004.
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Northern Ireland Assembly
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The 2014 European Parliament elections were a milestone for UKIP, as the received 27.49% of the vote as well as 24 seats, making it the largest UK party sitting the EU parliament, both in popular votes and seats, even larger than the Conservative and Labor parties.<ref>[https://www.bbc.com/news/events/vote2014/eu-uk-results UK European election results]. ''BBC''. Retrieved September 8, 2016.</ref>
On 4 October 2012 UKIP gained its first representation in the Northern Ireland Assembly following the defection of David McNarry MLA for Strangford, who had been sitting as an independent, following his suspension from the Ulster Unionist Party.
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Welsh Assembly and Scottish Parliament
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Despite claims that UKIP was a "protest vote" in the European elections due to their avid euroscepticism, UKIP won 12.9% of the popular vote in the 2015 General Election in the United Kingdom. However, due to the inconsistent electoral system in the United Kingdom, they received just 1 seat out of 650. It has less than 500 councillors out of 20,000 and 3 (out of 780) members of the House of Lords. Under a system of [[proportional representation]], UKIP would have 82 seats, instead of just 1.<ref>McKernan, Bethan. [http://i100.independent.co.uk/article/heres-how-the-election-results-would-look-under-a-proportional-voting-system--gJenQmaW2gW Here's how the election results would look under a proportional voting system] ''The Independent''. Published May 2015</ref>
UKIP do not currently have any representatives in the other devolved nations of Scotland or Wales. UKIP fielded 29 candidates at the Scottish Parliament election on 5 May. The party also fielded candidates in the Welsh Assembly.[53]
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European Parliament
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The party's support sharply fell after the successful Brexit referendum in 2016, with most of its voters returning to the Conservative Party.<ref>Multiple references:
In 1999, three UKIP members were elected to the European Parliament. Together with Eurosceptics from other countries, they formed a grouping called Europe of Democracies and Diversities (EDD).
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*Deacon, Liam (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/local-elections-ukip-suffers-wipeout-corbyn-labour-stalls/ Local Elections: UKIP Suffers Wipeout as Corbyn’s Labour Stalls]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
In 2004, 37 MEPs from the UK, Poland, Denmark and Sweden founded a new European Parliamentary group called Independence and Democracy (ID) from the old EDD group. However, following the European Parliament election, 2009, where Eurosceptic parties from Denmark, Sweden and elsewhere lost all representation, the ID group was dissolved.
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*Jasper, William F. (May 4, 2018). [https://www.thenewamerican.com/world-news/europe/item/28974-uk-elections-brexit-sabotage-ukip-s-collapse UK Elections, Brexit Sabotage, UKIP’s Collapse]. ''The New American''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.
UKIP has since formed a new right-wing grouping called Europe of Freedom and Democracy (EFD) comprising nationalist, Eurosceptic, conservative and other political factions. This group is more right wing than the older Independence and Democracy grouping.[54]
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See also:
UKIP MEP Nikki Sinclaire was expelled from UKIP after resigning from the EFD grouping, citing her displeasure at what she perceived to be racist and extremist parties that belong to the EFD Group. Sinclaire also cited the deterioration of her relationship with Farage, the co-leader of the EFD group.
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*Delingpole, James (May 4, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/05/04/ukip-compares-itself-to-black-death/ Delingpole: The UKIP/Black Death Story Is Classic SJW Dirty Tricks]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved May 4, 2018.</ref>
  
Current MEP representatives
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==See also==
UKIP has 11 MEPs in the European Parliament. Trevor Colman has left the EFD grouping but still stands for UKIP[citation needed]. Roger Helmer was elected as a Conservative MEP but defected to UKIP in March 2012.
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*[[Brexit Party]]
Constituency MEP(s)
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*[[European migrant crisis]]
East Midlands Derek Clark, Roger Helmer
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East of England Stuart Agnew
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London Gerard Batten
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North West England Paul Nuttall
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South East England Nigel Farage
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South West England Trevor Colman, Earl of Dartmouth
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Wales John Bufton
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Yorkshire and the Humber Godfrey Bloom
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West Midlands Mike Nattrass
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Local government
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==Further reading==
The first UKIP local Councillors in the UK were defectors from the Conservatives when Ellenor Bland was expelled from the Conservative Party by David Cameron in early 2007, for allegedly sending a racist email to other party members. Ellenor Bland and the majority of the Conservative Councillors on the Calne Wiltshire Town Council defected to UKIP. In the subsequent elction in May 2007 the group of defectors failed to be re-elected when standing for UKIP. In the May 2012 local elections, UKIP won a total of 7 seats in England out of 2,414 (no change on the previous year), 2 seats in Wales out of 1,223 (up 1) and no seats in Scotland out of 1,220 (down 1).  
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* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [https://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search]
On 6 May 2011, the party won nine out of the seventeen seats for Ramsey Town Council in Huntingdon, Cambridgeshire. Before the election, the party had only one seat in the town council. On 12 May, UKIP councillor Lisa Duffy was elected as Mayor. The UKIP group leader for Huntingdonshire District Council said that the town council under UKIP would "be standing up for volunteers and the third sector and will be making grants to them to help the big society develop." It was reported that that UKIP "has made political history after taking control of its first council in the UK".
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<ref>http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/</ref><ref>http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/</ref><ref>http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham</ref> 
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==References==
 
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<references/>
==Further reading==
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* Daniel, Mark. ''Cranks and Gadflies: The Story of UKIP'' (2005) 199pp [http://books.google.com/books?id=My7bPb1XnVIC excerpt and text search]
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* Margetts, H. et al. "Latent Support for the Far-Right in British Politics: The BNP and UKIP in the 2004 European and London Elections" (2004)  scholarly paper [http://www.ipeg.org.uk/papers/latentsupport210405b.pdf online edition]
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==External links==
 
==External links==
 
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
 
* [http://www.ukip.org/ UKIP - official website]
  
[[Category:British Political Parties]]
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[[Category:UKIP]]
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[[Category:Conservatism]]
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[[Category:Libertarianism]]
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[[Category:Euroskepticism]]
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[[Category:Nationalism]]

Latest revision as of 06:35, 31 October 2019

United Kingdom Independence Party
Party leader Vacant
Parliamentary leader
Founded September 3, 1993
Headquarters
Political ideology Euroskepticism
Political position Conservatism
Libertarianism
Right-wing populist
Nationalism
International affiliation none
Color(s) purple, yellow
Website ukip.org
UKIP candidate Stephen West campaigning in Newport, Isle of Wight for Hampshire Police & Crime Commissioner in 2012.

The United Kingdom Independence Party, also known by the acronym UKIP (pronounced "you-kip", its followers affectionately known as "Kippers"), is a conservative and Euroskeptic political party in the United Kingdom. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for British withdrawal from the European Union (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of social conservative, traditional conservative and libertarian voters who are opposed to the surrender of British sovereignty. The party was dominated by Nigel Farage, who served on-and-off as party leader from its creation until 2016. Prior to the 2016 Brexit referendum, it was also one of the fastest-growing British political parties; according to a YouTube interview with Farage in May 2015, the party has 47,000 members.

Political influence

UKIP's top goal, of leaving the EU, was achieved when the British people voted to leave the EU in a referendum held on June 23, 2016.[1]

Former UKIP leader Nigel Farage is arguably the most successful British politician of the modern age for successfully advocating and then winning a referendum for leaving the EU.[2] He noted in 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister Theresa May had adopted the exact same political positions as he had a few years earlier.[3]

Political positions and stances

Nigel Farage in 2008. Farage successfully supported taking Britain out of the EU, and he supports limiting immigration, small government, and British sovereignty.

Under the leadership of Nigel Farage, UKIP broadened its political agenda. It now has policies on tax, defence, the health service, education, electoral reform and constitutional reform.

UKIP attracts alienated voters especially on the right who are critical of the centralized and undemocratic structure of the EU. UKIP has endorsed a British centre-right economic agenda. It proposes a flat tax and opposes national identity cards. It is sceptical of the more extreme claims of AGW and critical of carbon-permits and other EU environmental policies as economically and environmentally harmful.[4] UKIP opposes laws restricting freedom of speech, including on the internet.[5]

In 2017, UKIP added banning the burqa and Sharia Law to its agenda.[6]

UKIP is frequently accused by the establishment and leftists of being a "racist" party and is associated with racist parties by the liberal media, such as the politically correct TV networks (such as the BBC) and newspapers (such as The Guardian). Most claims of UKIP being "racist" are defended by pointing to a couple of minor disgraced UKIP councillors or party members – these people have often been expelled from the party. UKIP membership is in fact open to all, regardless of ethnic origin, and in the 2010 and 2015 elections, UKIP fielded a significant number of candidates who are members of ethnic minorities.[7][8][9]

Leadership crisis

Gerard Batten's term as leader of UKIP ended on 2 June 2019, triggering a leadership election, which he announced he would be standing in. UKIP's National Executive Committee prohibited him from doing so, on the grounds that he had "brought the party into disrepute" over his links with Tommy Robinson. Richard Braine, a supporter of Batten's previous leadership, was elected as leader on the 10 August 2019, only to resign from the party leadership in the following October, citing the NEC's "purge" of party members (who were loyal to Batten). The position of leader is now vacant.

Incomplete list of election results

In the 2008 European elections, UKIP came second, with 16.5% of the vote and 13 of the UK's 78 seats in the European Parliament. In the Parliamentary election of May 6, 2010, UKIP got 3.1% of the vote, a total of 917,232, an increase of 50% on the previous parliamentary election vote. However, owing to the electoral system, they still did not receive any MPs; therefore, the party is fervently in support for proportional representation, forging an unlikely alliance with the Green Party of England and Wales (an eco-socialist party) and the Liberal Democrats (an allegedly centrist party, although a significant proportion of its policies come from the social democratic – i.e. socialist – trend). UKIP has 2 members in the House of Lords.

In 2013, UKIP achieved a milestone in the local elections when 147 councillors were elected across the UK adding to the 50-60 councillors that were already in place.

The 2014 European Parliament elections were a milestone for UKIP, as the received 27.49% of the vote as well as 24 seats, making it the largest UK party sitting the EU parliament, both in popular votes and seats, even larger than the Conservative and Labor parties.[10]

Despite claims that UKIP was a "protest vote" in the European elections due to their avid euroscepticism, UKIP won 12.9% of the popular vote in the 2015 General Election in the United Kingdom. However, due to the inconsistent electoral system in the United Kingdom, they received just 1 seat out of 650. It has less than 500 councillors out of 20,000 and 3 (out of 780) members of the House of Lords. Under a system of proportional representation, UKIP would have 82 seats, instead of just 1.[11]

The party's support sharply fell after the successful Brexit referendum in 2016, with most of its voters returning to the Conservative Party.[12]

See also

Further reading

References

  1. Armstrong, Paul (July 15, 2016). Nigel Farage: Arch-eurosceptic and Brexit 'puppet master'. CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
  2. BuzzFeed: Nigel Farage ‘Britain’s Most Successful Politician in a Generation’. Breitbart. June 24, 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016.
  3. Merrick, Rob (May 7, 2017). Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has stolen all his policies. The Independent. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
  4. http://www.ukip.org/page/ukip-manifesto
  5. Deacon, Liam (July 3, 2018). Article 13: UKIP Joins Pro-Free Speech #SaveTheInternet Fight, Forces EU Parliament Vote. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 3, 2018.
  6. Deacon, Liam (April 23, 2017). UKIP Promises to Ban the Burqa and Sharia Law. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
  7. http://www.manzoor4mep.co.uk/
  8. http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/politics/election_2010/southampton_test/candidates/7984351.Pearline_Hingston__UKIP__Southampton_Test/
  9. http://ukpollingreport.co.uk/guide/seat-profiles/tottenham
  10. UK European election results. BBC. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  11. McKernan, Bethan. Here's how the election results would look under a proportional voting system The Independent. Published May 2015
  12. Multiple references: See also:

External links