United Kingdom Independence Party

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The United Kingdom Independence Party, also known by the acronym UKIP, is a British political party. Founded in 1993, it campaigns for British withdrawal from the European Union (EU). Its support-base is made up substantially of right-wing voters disaffected from the Conservative Party, and its platform contains other conservative policies.

In the British Parliament, UKIP has no representatives in the House of Commons (having won only 2.4% of the vote in the 2005 general election) and 2 representatives in the House of Lords. It won 12 of the UK's 78 seats in the European Parliament in the 2004 European elections.

UKIP's present leader, Nigel Farage, is attempting to present the party as having a broad political agenda extending beyond withdrawal from the EU. Consistently with this aim, he is seeking to change the party's name to "the Independence Party".