Difference between revisions of "User:RobSteff/Slovakia"

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'''Slovakia'''<ref>In Slovak: ''Slovensko''</ref>, officially the '''Slovak Republic'''<ref>in Slovak: Slovak: ''Slovenská republika'', abbreviation: ''SR''</ref> is a landlocked country in [[Central Europe]], bordered by [[Poland]] to the north, [[Ukraine]] to the east, [[Hungary]] to the south, [[Austria]] to the west, and the [[Czech Republic|Czechia]] to the northwest. Slovakia is a name of an independent state established in 1993 as well as a name of the territory historically occupied by Slovaks, which is slightly smaller than the territory of present-day Slovakia.
 
'''Slovakia'''<ref>In Slovak: ''Slovensko''</ref>, officially the '''Slovak Republic'''<ref>in Slovak: Slovak: ''Slovenská republika'', abbreviation: ''SR''</ref> is a landlocked country in [[Central Europe]], bordered by [[Poland]] to the north, [[Ukraine]] to the east, [[Hungary]] to the south, [[Austria]] to the west, and the [[Czech Republic|Czechia]] to the northwest. Slovakia is a name of an independent state established in 1993 as well as a name of the territory historically occupied by Slovaks, which is slightly smaller than the territory of present-day Slovakia.
  
Slovak Republic gained independence in 1993, after the [[Velvet Divorce]], in which [[Czechoslovakia]] split into the [[Czech Republic]] and Slovakia. Its capital and the largest city is [[Bratislava]], the second-largest city is [[Košice]]. The official language is Slovak. It has been a member state of the [[European Union]] and the [[North Atlantic Treaty Organization]] since 2004. By 2018, Slovakia's economy was performing very well, with low taxes and high productivity.<ref>Williams, Thomas D. (June 21, 2018). [https://www.breitbart.com/london/2018/06/21/low-taxes-high-productivity-slovakia-sets-pace-europe/ With Low Taxes and High Productivity, Slovakia Sets Pace for Europe]. ''Breitbart News''. Retrieved June 22, 2018.</ref>
+
==Demographics==
 +
The most reliable demographic data are provided by the official [[census]] as well as by other data collected through various government agencies by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The first modern census in Slovakia (then part of [[Austria-Hungary]]) took place in 1869, while history of feudal census in Slovakia reaches back to 1784. Following censuses in Slovakia as a part of Austria-Hungary were carried out in 1880, 1890, 1900, and 1910, and in Slovakia as a part of Czechoslovakia in 1921, 1930, 1946, 1950, 1961, 1970, 1980, and 1991. Census of May 26, 2001, for the first time used self-enumberation method, i.e. data were entered by the residents themselves.<ref>''[https://slovak.statistics.sk/wps/portal/ext/themes/demography/census/about/ Sčítanie obyvateľov, domov a bytov]'' [Census] [online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2017-05-30 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)</ref>
 +
 
 +
It is worth noting that present-day census records all people permanently residing in Slovakia, nine tenths of whom hold Slovak citizenship. Hereinafter the permanent residents of Slovakia shall be reffered to simply as Slovaks with the exception of subchapter on ethnicity.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
!colspan=4|2011 census data on citizenship<ref>''[https://slovak.statistics.sk/wps/wcm/connect/5d967211-f720-4090-b87c-e308d88d250b/Tab_8_Obyvatelstvo_SR_podla_statnej_prislusnosti_SODB_2011.pdf Obyvateľstvo SR podľa štátnej príslušnosti - SODB 2011]'' [Population of the Slovak Republic by citizenship - 2011 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)</ref>
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2|Citizenship categories!! Total !! %
 +
|-
 +
|rowspan=2|Citizens of the Slovak Republic || Total || 4,975,661 || 92.2
 +
|-
 +
|Of multiple citizenships || 8,203 || 0.2
 +
|-
 +
|colspan=2|Citizens of other country || 26,752 || 0.5
 +
|-
 +
|colspan=2|People with no citizenship || 1,523 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
|colspan=2|People of unspecified citizenship || 393,100 || 7.3
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=2|Total || 5,397,036 || 100.0
 +
|}
  
==People==
 
 
===Ethnicity===
 
===Ethnicity===
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
!colspan=7|Census data<ref>[https://slovak.statistics.sk/wps/wcm/connect/1f62189f-cc70-454d-9eab-17bdf5e1dc4a/Tab_10_Obyvatelstvo_SR_podla_narodnosti_scitanie_2011_2001_1991.pdf Obyvateľstvo SR podľa národnosti - sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991] [Population of the Slovak Republic according to ethnicity - 2011, 2001, and 1991 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18)</ref>
+
!colspan=7|Census data<ref>''[https://slovak.statistics.sk/wps/wcm/connect/1f62189f-cc70-454d-9eab-17bdf5e1dc4a/Tab_10_Obyvatelstvo_SR_podla_narodnosti_scitanie_2011_2001_1991.pdf Obyvateľstvo SR podľa národnosti - sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991]'' [Population of the Slovak Republic by ethnicity - 2011, 2001, and 1991 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
!rowspan=2|Ethnicity !!colspan=2|2011 !!colspan=2|2001 !!colspan=2|1991
 
!rowspan=2|Ethnicity !!colspan=2|2011 !!colspan=2|2001 !!colspan=2|1991
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| Polish || 3,084 || 0.1 || 2,602 || 0.0 || 2,659 || 0.1
 
| Polish || 3,084 || 0.1 || 2,602 || 0.0 || 2,659 || 0.1
 
|-
 
|-
| Croatians || 1,022 || 0.0 || 890 || 0.0 || no data || no data
+
| Croatians || 1,022 || 0.0 || 890 || 0.0 ||colspan=2|no data
 
|-
 
|-
| Serbians || 698 || 0.0 || 434 || 0.0 || no data || no data
+
| Serbians || 698 || 0.0 || 434 || 0.0 ||colspan=2|no data
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Russians || 1,997 || 0.0 || 1,590 || 0.0 || 1,389 || 0.0
 
| Russians || 1,997 || 0.0 || 1,590 || 0.0 || 1,389 || 0.0
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|-
 
|-
 
| Unknown || 382,493 || 7,0 || 54,502 || 1.0 || 8,782 || 0.2
 
| Unknown || 382,493 || 7,0 || 54,502 || 1.0 || 8,782 || 0.2
 +
|-
 +
! Total !! 5,397,036 !! 100.0 !! 5,379,455 !! 100.0 !! 5,274,335 !! 100.0
 +
|}
 +
 +
===Religion===
 +
The overwhelming majority of Slovaks are [[Christian]]s, amounting to 75.4 % according to 2011 census, with two thirds of the total population belonging to the [[Catholicism]]. [[Roman Catholic Church]] is the most prevalent Christian denomination.
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
!colspan=7|Census data<ref>''[https://slovak.statistics.sk/wps/wcm/connect/54eb0cba-ec99-4549-8a33-5c86eead59c1/Tab_14_Obyvatelstvo_SR_podla_nabozenskeho_vyznania_scitanie_2011_2001_1991.pdf Obyvateľstvo SR podľa náboženského vyznania - sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991]'' [Population of the Slovak Republic by religion - 2011, 2001, and 1991 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)</ref>
 +
|-
 +
!rowspan=2|Religion !!colspan=2|2011 !!colspan=2|2001 !!colspan=2|1991
 +
|-
 +
! total !! % !! total !! % !! total !! %
 +
|-
 +
| Roman Catholic Church || 3,347,277 || 62.0 || 3,708,120 || 86.9 || 3,187,383 || 60.4
 +
|-
 +
| Greek Catholic Church || 206,871 || 3.8 || 219,831 || 4.1 || 178,733 || 3.4
 +
|-
 +
| Orthodox Church || 49,133 || 0.9 || 50,363 || 0.9 || 34,376 || 0.7
 +
|-
 +
| Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession || 316,250 || 5.9 || 372,858 || 6.9 || 326,397 || 6.2
 +
|-
 +
| Reformed Christian Church || 98,797 || 1.8 || 109,735 || 2.0 || 82,545 || 1.6
 +
|-
 +
| Religious Society of Jehovah's Witnesses || 17,222 || 0.3 || 20,630 || 0.4 || 10,501 || 0.2
 +
|-
 +
| Evangelical Methodist Church || 10,328 || 0.2 || 7,347 || 0.1 || 4,359 || 0.1
 +
|-
 +
| Christian Congregations || 7,720 || 0.1 || 6,519 || 0.1 || 700 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Apostolic Church || 5,831 || 0.1 || 3,905 || 0.1 || 1,116 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Brotherly Union of Baptists || 3,486 || 0.1 || 3,562 || 0.1 || 2,465 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Seventh-Day Adventists Church || 2,915 || 0.1 || 3,429 || 0.1 || 1,721 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Church of Brethren || 3,396 || 0.1 || 3,217 || 0.1 || 1,861 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Federation of Jewish Communities in Slovakia || 1,999 || 0.1 || 2,310 || 0.0 || 912 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Old Catholic Church || 1,687 || 0.0 || 1,733 || 0.0 || 882 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Czechoslovak Hussite Church || 1,782 || 0.0 || 1,696 || 0.0 || 625 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| New Apostolic Church || 166 || 0.0 || 22 || 0.0 || 188 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Bahá'í Society || 1,065 || 0.0 ||colspan=4|no data
 +
|-
 +
| The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints || 972 || 0.0 || 58 || 0.0 || 91 || 0.0
 +
|-
 +
| Other || 23,340 || 0.5 || 6,214 || 0.1 || 6,094 || 0.1
 +
|-
 +
| Irreligion || 725,362 || 13.4 || 697,308 || 13.0 || 515,551 || 9.8
 +
|-
 +
| Not specified|| 571,437 || 10.6 || 160,598 || 3.0 || 917,835 || 17.4
 +
|-
 +
! Total !! 5,397,036 !! 100.0 !! 5,379,455 !! 100.0 !! 5,274,335 !! 100.0
 
|}
 
|}
  

Revision as of 09:52, 18 August 2019

Slovenská republika
Slovakia rel94.jpg
Flag of Slovakia.png
Arms of Slovakia.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Bratislava
Government Parliamentary republic
Language Slovak (official)
President Zuzana Čaputová
Prime minister Peter Pellegrini
Area 18,932 sq mi
Population 2016 5,445,802
GDP 2019 est- $109.863 billion
GDP per capita $37,021
Currency Euro
Internet top-level domain .sk

Slovakia[1], officially the Slovak Republic[2] is a landlocked country in Central Europe, bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the west, and the Czechia to the northwest. Slovakia is a name of an independent state established in 1993 as well as a name of the territory historically occupied by Slovaks, which is slightly smaller than the territory of present-day Slovakia.

Demographics

The most reliable demographic data are provided by the official census as well as by other data collected through various government agencies by the Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic. The first modern census in Slovakia (then part of Austria-Hungary) took place in 1869, while history of feudal census in Slovakia reaches back to 1784. Following censuses in Slovakia as a part of Austria-Hungary were carried out in 1880, 1890, 1900, and 1910, and in Slovakia as a part of Czechoslovakia in 1921, 1930, 1946, 1950, 1961, 1970, 1980, and 1991. Census of May 26, 2001, for the first time used self-enumberation method, i.e. data were entered by the residents themselves.[3]

It is worth noting that present-day census records all people permanently residing in Slovakia, nine tenths of whom hold Slovak citizenship. Hereinafter the permanent residents of Slovakia shall be reffered to simply as Slovaks with the exception of subchapter on ethnicity.

2011 census data on citizenship[4]
Citizenship categories Total  %
Citizens of the Slovak Republic Total 4,975,661 92.2
Of multiple citizenships 8,203 0.2
Citizens of other country 26,752 0.5
People with no citizenship 1,523 0.0
People of unspecified citizenship 393,100 7.3
Total 5,397,036 100.0

Ethnicity

Census data[5]
Ethnicity 2011 2001 1991
total  % total  % total  %
Slovaks 4,352,775 80.7 4,614,854 85.8 4,519,328 85.7
Hungarians 458,467 8.5 520,528 9.7 567,296 10.8
Roma 105,738 2.0 89,920 1.7 75,802 1.4
Czechs 30,367 0.6 44,620 0.8 52,884 1.0
Rusyns 33,482 0.6 24,201 0.4 17,197 0.3
Ukrainians 7,430 0.1 10,814 0.2 13,281 0.3
Germans 4,690 0.1 5,405 0.1 5,414 0.1
Polish 3,084 0.1 2,602 0.0 2,659 0.1
Croatians 1,022 0.0 890 0.0 no data
Serbians 698 0.0 434 0.0 no data
Russians 1,997 0.0 1,590 0.0 1,389 0.0
Jewish 631 0.0 218 0.0 134 0.0
Moravians 3,286 0.1 2,348 0.0 6,037 0.1
Bulgarians 1,051 0.0 1,179 0.0 1,400 0.0
Other 9,825 0.2 5,350 0.1 2,732 0.1
Unknown 382,493 7,0 54,502 1.0 8,782 0.2
Total 5,397,036 100.0 5,379,455 100.0 5,274,335 100.0

Religion

The overwhelming majority of Slovaks are Christians, amounting to 75.4 % according to 2011 census, with two thirds of the total population belonging to the Catholicism. Roman Catholic Church is the most prevalent Christian denomination.

Census data[6]
Religion 2011 2001 1991
total  % total  % total  %
Roman Catholic Church 3,347,277 62.0 3,708,120 86.9 3,187,383 60.4
Greek Catholic Church 206,871 3.8 219,831 4.1 178,733 3.4
Orthodox Church 49,133 0.9 50,363 0.9 34,376 0.7
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession 316,250 5.9 372,858 6.9 326,397 6.2
Reformed Christian Church 98,797 1.8 109,735 2.0 82,545 1.6
Religious Society of Jehovah's Witnesses 17,222 0.3 20,630 0.4 10,501 0.2
Evangelical Methodist Church 10,328 0.2 7,347 0.1 4,359 0.1
Christian Congregations 7,720 0.1 6,519 0.1 700 0.0
Apostolic Church 5,831 0.1 3,905 0.1 1,116 0.0
Brotherly Union of Baptists 3,486 0.1 3,562 0.1 2,465 0.0
Seventh-Day Adventists Church 2,915 0.1 3,429 0.1 1,721 0.0
Church of Brethren 3,396 0.1 3,217 0.1 1,861 0.0
Federation of Jewish Communities in Slovakia 1,999 0.1 2,310 0.0 912 0.0
Old Catholic Church 1,687 0.0 1,733 0.0 882 0.0
Czechoslovak Hussite Church 1,782 0.0 1,696 0.0 625 0.0
New Apostolic Church 166 0.0 22 0.0 188 0.0
Bahá'í Society 1,065 0.0 no data
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 972 0.0 58 0.0 91 0.0
Other 23,340 0.5 6,214 0.1 6,094 0.1
Irreligion 725,362 13.4 697,308 13.0 515,551 9.8
Not specified 571,437 10.6 160,598 3.0 917,835 17.4
Total 5,397,036 100.0 5,379,455 100.0 5,274,335 100.0

References

  1. In Slovak: Slovensko
  2. in Slovak: Slovak: Slovenská republika, abbreviation: SR
  3. Sčítanie obyvateľov, domov a bytov [Census] [online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2017-05-30 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)
  4. Obyvateľstvo SR podľa štátnej príslušnosti - SODB 2011 [Population of the Slovak Republic by citizenship - 2011 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)
  5. Obyvateľstvo SR podľa národnosti - sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991 [Population of the Slovak Republic by ethnicity - 2011, 2001, and 1991 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)
  6. Obyvateľstvo SR podľa náboženského vyznania - sčítanie 2011, 2001, 1991 [Population of the Slovak Republic by religion - 2011, 2001, and 1991 census] [PDF online]. Bratislava : Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic, 2012-06-21 (retrieved 2019-08-18) (in Slovak)