Last modified on September 26, 2018, at 21:21

Václav Havel

Václav Havel (October 5, 1936 – December 18, 2011) was a Czech writer and playwright who served as the last President of Czechoslovakia and the first President of the Czech Republic, serving until 2003.[1] He led the Velvet Revolution in 1989 and played a major role in the transition of Czechoslovakia from communism to democracy.[1][2] Along with Václav Klaus and Miloš Zeman, Havel is considered one of the three most prominent figures in early post-communist Czech history.

Despite his positive reputation, some conservatives and anti-communists point out that Havel allowed key Czech institutions to remain under communist control even after the Velvet Revolution.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Václav Havel. Prague Castle. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  2. Tzu, Sun (December 23, 2011). Czechs Bid Farewell to Vaclav Havel. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 6, 2018.
  3. Bohon, Dave (December 20, 2011). Hold the Presses on Glowing Vaclav Havel Eulogies. The New American. Retrieved February 6, 2018.