Last modified on June 21, 2019, at 04:57

Vienna Circle

The Vienna Circle were a group of early 20th century philosophers associated with the Ernst Mach Society at the university of Vienna, which was chaired by Moritz Schlick. The most notable members were Rudolph Carnap, Freidrich Waismann and also Kurt Godel, who rejected its atheism. The Vienna Circle's central belief was that experience can be reduced totally to logic.[1] The Vienna Circle influenced several later philosophers, including Alfred Ayer and Karl Popper.


The Vienna circle started a small philosophical society meeting on each Thursday evening beginning in 1924. Many members were leading Austrian mathematicians, scientists and philosophers.[2] Its rise in prestige started in 1929, when it intiated a lecture series on mathematics and philosophy and published a great amount of material on the mathematical and logical basis of philosophy. It quickly gained an international profile, collaborating with the Berlin Society to produce an annual journal on philosophy and science.[3]


The Vienna Circle disbanded in 1938 when it was unable to withstand political pressure, and some of its members fled to Britain or the United States.[4]