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For the United States Capital, see Washington, D.C.
For the U.S. President see George Washington

Capital Olympia
Nickname The Evergreen State
Official Language None
Governor Jay Inslee, D
Senator Patty Murray, D
(202) 224-2621
Senator Maria Cantwell, D
(202) 224-3441
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood November 11, 1889 (42nd)
Flag of Washington Motto: "Al-ki" (bye and bye)

Washington, often referred to as Washington State, was the forty-second state to enter into the Union, on Nov. 11, 1889. The state is named after the first president George Washington. Its capital is Olympia, and its largest city is Seattle. It is located at the extreme northwest corner of the 48 contiguous American states. This Democrat-dominated state was the location of an early outbreak of the coronavirus COVID-19 in early 2020 in a nursing home.

The state Constitution of Washington, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:

We, the people of the State of Washington, grateful to the Supreme Ruler of the Universe for our liberties, do ordain this constitution.


The state has a notably wide variety of terrain and boasts of three national parks. The western edge of Washington borders the Pacific Ocean and has the only temperate rain forests in the country, the Hoh, Queets, and Quinault. The Olympic Mountains rise from sea level to nearly 8,000 feet in elevation. Puget Sound, gouged by the Vashon sheet in the last ice age, brings ocean access to ports far inland. The Cascade Mountain Range bisects the state from north to south and contains several large volcanoes, both active and dormant. The eastern half of Washington is much drier, with a continental climate and much farmland irrigated by Columbia River dams and irrigation works constructed in the time of the New Deal.


Washington was the first state to allow women to vote in local elections, since 1855.

The 2004 election created controversy due to a virtual tie between candidates conservative Republican Dino Rossi and liberal Democrat Christine Gregoire. Rossi won both the original election and the first recount, but the second recount gave the election to Christine Gregoire by a mere 129 votes.[1] Controversially, on the second "recount," more votes were counted than ballots were cast in Washington state.

Since 2007, Washington has offered domestic partnerships, which are similar to same sex marriage.[1]

In 2009, Washington was the first state in the United States to affirm civil unions by a public vote (Ref. 71). In 2012, they continued this continued this trajectory by fully implementing marriage equality by a vote of the people. The same year, they fully legalized marijuana possession.

Washington state has consistently been a blue state since 1988, with the last winning Republican being Ronald Wilson Reagan.

Elected Officials



  • Governor Jay Inslee (D)
  • Lt. Governor Cyrus Habib (D)
  • Attorney General Bob Ferguson (D)
  • Secretary of State Kim Wyman (R)
  • State Auditor Pat McCarthy
  • State Treasurer Duane Davidson

Notable people from Washington