Western Australia is the largest state in the Commonwealth of Australia comprising a land area of about 2,529,880 square kilometers (making it the second-largest country subdivision in the world), and is home to just under 10% of Australia's population. The capital city is Perth.
Situated in the south-east coast of Australia on the Indian Ocean lies Perth, the capital city of Western Australia. Founded as a colony on the Swan River in 1829 by Captain James Stirling, Perth is now a rapidly-growing city housing over 75% of all WA's population. Prior to European settlement, the area had been inhabited by the local Aboriginal Noongar people for over 40,000 years.
Mandurah, just under an hour's drive south from Perth, grew into a city from smaller holiday communities. Located right on the coast of the Indian Ocean it is a popular tourist destination still, as well as being a growing commuter town for those working in Perth.
Surrounded by desert, Kalgoorlie in southern Western Australia is a mining town approximately 600 kilometers east of Perth, the state capital. Kalgoorlie was born as a settlement for gold mining in 1893 after prospectors found gold in the area, and to this day mining remains the largest industry in the area.