World History Homework One Answers - Student 3

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Aran M.

1. The wheel, I believe, is one of the most influential inventions in history. Not only for practical transportation, but also in mechanics using objects such as gears. When and by whom the wheel was invented is still a mystery. The oldest wheel ever found was in Mesopotamia and dates back to roughly 3500 BC - almost before civilization. Due to the age of this wheel, it is not unwise to believe that the wheel was invented before the flood. But this also raises another question. If the wheel was invented before the flood and everybody coming off the ark was related, wouldn’t the Egyptians also have the wheel? The fact that they did not (or at least there are no records of them having it) means that must have been invented after the flood. With this information we can safely guess that the wheel was invented very shortly after the flood in Mesopotamia.

Interesting analysis - could become the model answer.

2. Egypt was one of the greatest civilizations of the ancient world. This was due mainly to the fact that it was protected on all sides, and it also had a constant flow of wealth through farming due to the Niles annual flooding. Ancient Egypt also had the ability to maintain a standing army due to their surplus in food. The Old Kingdom in was, I believe, one of Egypt’s most glorious times in history. During this period was the building of the great pyramids, the establishment of Egypt as one nation and the entry of Egypt into world trade. The Middle kingdom was a time when religion played a huge part in Egypt’s culture and priests were almost equal in power to the pharaoh. The New Kingdom was Egypt’s most prosperous military and economical time in history. This lasted until around 350 BC when they were conquered by Alexander the great, thus ending native rule until the modern day.


3. I would like to challenge the Exodus dating in the lecture. I believe that the Exodus occurred earlier, about 1700 BC. I say this because of theories that have been circulated concerning a revised Egyptian chronology which places the Exodus at the end of the middle kingdom just prior to the Hyksos invasion. At this time, Egypt would have been decimated from the plagues mentioned in the Bible. According to historical data the Amalekites had been waiting for a chance to invade Egypt. Within three months of the Hebrews leaving Egypt they encountered the Amalekite army. It is theorized after learning what happened to the Egyptian army, pharaoh and economy, they continued west and seized the opportunity to invade Egypt, without even a fight. The Amalekites are known in Egyptian history as the Hyksos. My references for this answer are and

Excellent answer.

4. Edited: Hieroglyphics Wrote: Snefru, Hyksos

Excellent work. Grade: 40/40.--Andy Schlafly 00:18, 13 September 2011 (EDT)