World History Homework One Answers - Student 7

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 1. Which do you think was the most important invention, idea or law discussed in the lecture? Include in your answer the "when, where, what, why and how." 

I think that the wheel was the most important invention mentioned in this lecture. Even though it was created in Mesopotamia around 3500 B.C., it is still used everyday around the world in machinery and many forms of transportation.

Good answer.
 2. Pick one of the major ancient empires mentioned in the lecture, and describe basic information about it. Include in your answer a reference to how it compared with another ancient empire mentioned in the lecture. 

Ancient Egypt existed from around 3000 B.C. up till approximately 332 B.C. , when it was conquered by Alexander the Great. It was always ruled by a powerful ruler called a pharaoh. Pharaohs were considered to be gods or “owners” of the country. Ancient Egyptians were known for building pyramids, the most famous being The Great Pyramid at Giza.

The Hebrews in Israel and the Ancient Egyptians were completely different in many ways. The Ancient Egyptians had many different gods that they worshiped, unlike the Hebrews from Israel who only worshiped the one and only true god, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

 3. There are several tables in the lecture containing various estimated dates. Pick one of those estimated dates and explain either why it surprises you, why you think it may be wrong, or why you know it is correct. 

I believe that the estimated date of the Exodus from Egypt is correct. The traditional date of the Exodus is the mid-fifteenth century B.C. First Kings 6:1 says that Solomon began building the temple “in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of he land of Egypt.” Solomon started building the temple about 960 B.C. , which would then date the Exodus to about 1440 B.C.

  4. Either write an essay of at least 150 words in length on any aspect of the lecture, or add or fill in 3 important terms from the lecture for the Study Guide at the link above (mention in your homework which three terms you picked).

The Ancient Egyptian’s written language was very different from what ours is today. Our American alphabet consists of 26 letters while the Egyptian’s form of writing consisted of more than 1,000 hieroglyphics. Hieroglyphics were basically pictures used to represent a sound, idea, or object; some hieroglyphics were even used to represent a whole word. Hieroglyphics originated around 3100 B.C. and were written with a pen and ink on a thin kind of paper called papyrus. The ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphics to communicate in a written form, just as we communicate using letters to form words. Nobody could completely comprehend the written language of hieroglyphics until the “Rosetta Stone” was discovered by Napoleon’s men in 1799. It was called the “Rosetta Stone” because it was found near a small village named Rosetta. The stone was important because it enabled men to decode the hieroglyphic characters which helped translate other hieroglyphic messages.

                        Extra Credit
   7. What is your favorite mystery about the ancient world, and what do you think explains it? Some suggested possibilities include: 
-The invention of the wheel: who, when and how? 
-How did the Egyptians build the pyramids? 
-Why did ancient empires collapse? 

I don’t think the answer to why ancient empires collapse is such a mystery, because now we can look back in history and see a lot of the same patterns: empires expanding too quickly or getting too big without the proper government structure in place; empires get invaded and conquered; greedy, evil rulers and bad governments.

Very good.
Excellent beginning to the course: grade is 40/40 plus 5/5 points for the extra credit, for a total of 45.--Andy Schlafly 08:48, 15 September 2011 (EDT)