World History Homework One Answers - Student 8

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1. Invented around BC 3500 in Mesopotamia, the wheel served as a key stepping stone for nearly every following mechanical invention. Its primary usage was found in the basic wheeled vehicle like carts and chariots, as its fundamental construction consisted of a simple disk with a hole and an axle. Over the years, it has evolved in revolutionizing machinery and has been applied to facilitate every kind of movement and transportation need.


2. The Persian Empire rose to conquer the Babylonian empire after the death of their king Nebuchadnezzar II. Cyrus the Great, having conquered territories of Assyria, Babylonia, Palestine, and Syria, established a kingdom known as the Achaemenid Empire (BC 550–330). Unlike the previous empire during which the Jews were captured, the Persian Empire ended the Babylonian Exile, freeing the Jews to return to Jerusalem. At the height of its power, the empire spanned across the three continents of Asia, Africa, and Europe. Besides its military and territorial influences, many of its cultural and religious customs were even adapted by the Athens through Alexander the Great, who later conquered the Persians.


3. As the first books of the Bible all record the beginning of mankind and make its way through the history in chronological order, the fact that the book of Job, which comes near the middle of the Bible next to books written during the time of David and Solomon, precedes Genesis as likely the oldest book in the Bible.

Good example of a surprising fact about ancient history.

Terms: Paleolithic Age, Neolithic Age, phonograms

Well done! Grade: 40/40.--Andy Schlafly 08:51, 15 September 2011 (EDT)