Cocoa bean

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The cocoa bean is native to South America, and is mainly used to create chocolate. Botanically, it is known as Theobroma cacao [1]. Theobroma means "food of the gods." The cocoa bean contains both caffeine and theobromine. Both are xanthines.

About 3,500,000 tons of cocoa beans are harvested annually.[2] Around 70% of the crop today comes from Africa, 12% from the Americas, and 18% from Oceania, mostly Indonesia.

References

  1. COCOA BEAN (Theobroma cacao)
  2. International Cocoa Organization
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