The corn snake (Elaphe guttata guttata) is a North American species of rat snake. The corn snake is native to south-eastern parts of the continent, and is also known as a red rat snake. The name "corn snake" is believed to be have originated from the similarity of the belly pattern to Indian corn. Corn snakes are nonvenomous and constrict their prey before swallowing it whole. They are commonly kept as pets because of the colorful variations that have come about from selective breeding and the relative simple keeping and feeding requirements in captivity.
Corn snakes could be considered one of the most popular pet snakes of all time because they were one of the first snakes to be commonly kept in captivity and are one of the most commonly kept pet snakes today. Most corn snakes in captivity are fed mice once or twice weekly. They do not require live prey, which might injure the snake and is considered animal cruelty in the United Kingdom. Typically, if they are not given a hiding spot in their enclosure they will feel insecure in their environment and refuse to eat.