Genetics

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Genetics is a subfield of biology concerned with the diversity, replication, mutation, and translation of genes.

History of Genetics

Terms used in genetics

  • DNA - Double stranded helical organic molecule composed of nucleic acids, sugars, and phosphate groups.
  • RNA - Single stranded organic molecule composed of nucleic acids, sugars, and phosphate groups.
  • chromosome- Condensed DNA and proteins.
  • allele- Differences in genotype among individuals for a single gene.
  • gene- Regions of DNA that are transcribed to RNA.

Notes

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