Leonard Bernstein (1918-1990) was the American conductor of the New York Philharmonic, a conductor and an honorary member of the Vienna Philharmonic, and a composer of the musical scores for West Side Story, On the Town, and Candide.
Bernstein helped classical music reach millions of children through his Young People's Concerts and gained worldwide critical success as a pianist, composer, and conductor. His multiple talents led him to established reputations as a conductor of traditional literature (Mozart, Beethoven, etc.), the high romantics (Mahler and Bruckner), and especially opera, for which he became admired in the leading opera houses of the world. Like George Gershwin, he was eager to straddle the classical and popular music worlds and did so in music halls, jazz clubs, opera halls, television, and the avant-garde scene.